Security in the Contemporary World (CH-7) Important Questions in English || Class 12 Political Science Chapter 7 in English ||

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Chapter – 7

Security in the Contemporary World

In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 12 Political Science Chapter 7 (Security in the Contemporary World) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in class 12 board exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 12
SubjectPolitical Science
Chapter no.Chapter 7
Chapter Name(Security in the Contemporary World)
CategoryClass 12 Political Science Important Questions in English
Class 12 Political Science Chapter 7 Security in the Contemporary World Important Questions in English

Chapter 7 Security in the Contemporary World

One marker Questions

Q1.From the following treaties , choose the right option for the treaty related to disarmanent :-

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I) 1992, chemical weapon treaty convention (CWC)

II) N.P.T.

III) Biological weapon convention (BWC) 1972

IV) Kyoto Protocol

  • I, II,III
  • I, II,IV
  • II, III,IV
  • I,II, III,IV

Ans. a) I, II,III

Q2. Examples global threats include

  • Poverty
  • Migration
  • Epidemic
  • All above

Ans. All Above

Q3. The war between China and India occured in?

  • 1947—1948
  • 1962
  • 1965
  • 1997

Ans. 1965

Q4. Those who have to left their homes inside the national border are called___________.

Ans. Internally migrated

Q5. ____________is called the system to deal with the danger of violence within a country and also outside of a country

Ans. Government

Q6. comes under political human rights.

Ans. Freedom of expression

Q7. Write full form of N.P.T.

Ans. Non Proliferation Treaty

Two Marker Questions

Q1. What is meant by traditional security?

Ans. Traditional secuity involves attack from another country. It threatens the central values of a country like sovereignty: independence and territorial integrity etc.

Q2. Define cooperative security .

Ans. Strategy with international cooperation rather than military struggle to deal with unconventional threats

Q3. What is meant by an internally displaced people ? Explain with one example.

Ans. Individuds who leave their homes and live within the borders of their own country are called internally displaced people like Kashmiri Pandits from the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Q4. What is the difference between immigrants and refugees?

Ans. Immigrants lease their homelands at will, while refugee were are forced to leave their country, due to natural disasters or due to other reasons.

Q5. What is meant by disarmament ?

Ans. Absence of weapons or destruction of weapons

Four Marker Questions

Q1. Mention key components of India’s security strategy.


  • Strengthen military capability
  • Respect for international institutions
  • Dealing with Internal Securita Issues
  • Economical development

Q2. What is the balance of power, how does a country maintain it ?

Ans. A balance of power is a system in which there is constant effort that no country becomes powerful and spoils the current balance.

  • By increasing its military power
  • Increasing economic and technology strength

Q3. How does per capita income and population growth affect economic inequality in the world?

Ans. High per capita income and less growth of population makes the rich country more wealthy. Whereas Low per capita income and rapid growth of population together makes countries poorer.

Q4. Explain 2 measures to reduce the economic gap between the rich and the poor globally.

Ans. Global gap can be reduced only by controlling the rapid population growth.

Six Marker Questions

Q1. What is meant by the traditional notion of external security? Describe any two elements of this type or security.


  • Conventional notion of external security
  • The greatest threat to a country is considered a military threat.
  • Elements of External security
  • Protect and present against external aggression
  • Asert war
  • Power balance/Tie ups

Q2. What does the traditional notion of internal and external security means?

Ans. Traditional notion of internal, security

  • The concept of traditional notion of security is linked to internal security. After the Second World War, the internal security of the most powerful countries was more or less assured. After 1945, the United States and Soviet Union could see unity not they could expect peace within their borders in most of Europe. Powerful countries had no major challenge in their borders.

Traditional notion of external security

  • The post-World War Era was the time of the Cold War in which the Eastern Alliance led by the Soviet Union was in front of the Western Alliance led by America.
  • Both were at risk of military aggression from each other Some European powers were concerned about the violence of the people seeking independence in their colonies.

Q3. Considering the Indian scenario, which type of security should be performed, traditional or non traditional, what examples would you give in support of your argument?

Ans. India has faced traditional (military) and non-traditional threats to its security that have emerged from within as well as outside its borders. Its security strategy has four broad components ie :

To strengthen its military capabilities because:

  • India has been involved in conflict with its neighbours as Pakistan in 1947-48,1965,1971 and 1999 and China in 1962.
  • In South Asian Region, India is surrounded by nuclear armed countries. Hence India’s decision to conduct nuclear test in 1998 was justified to safeguard national security.
  • India first tested nuclear device in 1974.

 To strengthen international norms and international institutions:

  • India’s first Prime Minister J.L. Nehru supported Asian solidarity, disarmament, decolonisation and the UN as a forum to settle down international conflict.
  • India took initiatives to bring about a universal and non- discriminatory non-proliferation regime to enjoy some rights and obligations with respect to weapons of mass destruction.
  • It used non-alignment to help to carve out an area of peace outside the blocs.
  • India signed Kyoto Protocol in 1997 to be a part of roadmap for reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases to check global warming.

To meet security challenges within the country:

  • Several militant groups from areas such as Nagaland, Mizoram, Punjab, Kashmir have sought to break away from India.
  • India makes efforts to preserve national unity by adopting a democratic political system by providing freedom of speech and expression alongwith the right to vote.

To develop its economy:

  • India develops the way to lift vast mass of citizens out of poverty, misery and huge economic inequalities.
  • A democratically elected government is supposed to combine economic growth with human development without any demarcation between the rich and the poor.

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