Legislature (CH-5) Important Questions in English || Class 11 Political Science Chapter 5 in English ||

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Chapter – 5


In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 11 Political Science Chapter 5 (Legislature) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in class 11 board exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 11
SubjectPolitical Science
Chapter no.Chapter 5
Chapter Name(Legislature)
CategoryClass 11 Political Science Important Questions in English
Class 11 Political Science Chapter 5 Legislature Important Questions in English

Chapter 5 Legislature

Very Short Questions

Q1. Which House of the Indian Parliament is more powerful?

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Ans. Lok Sabha is more powerfu

Q2. In which new state bicameral legislature has been introduced?

Ans. Bicameral States: Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Kamataka, Maharashtra, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh.

Q3. Mention the three sessions of Parliament?

Ans. Three sessions: Budget session, Monsoon session, winter session

Q4. Mention one of the judicial functions of the Parliament.

Ans. Impeachment

Q5. Explain anyone advantage of bicameral legislature.

Ans. Reconsideration

Q6. How many Lists are mentioned in the Indian Constitution?

Ans. Three lists: union list, state list, concurrent list.

Q7. Mention any two devices of parliamentary control?

Ans. Question Hour, No Confidence Motion

Q8. What is the provision in Article 312 of the Indian Constitution?

Ans. New All India Services can be constituted as per Article-312 provides that if changes are to be made on the subject of the state list, it is necessary to get the consent of the Rajya Sabha.

Q9. Give one argument that shows the relevance of Rajya Sabha.

Ans. Reconsiders the bills and represents the states.

Q10. How long can Rajya Sabha hold the general bill with itself?

Ans. Rajya Sabha can keep it for 6 months.

Two Marks Questions

Q1. Give two arguments in favour of bicameral legislature.

Ans. To get proper representation of states, representation of all sections of the society

Q2. Write the names of any four states of India in which there area bicameral legislature.

Ans. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh & Maharashtra.

Q3. Explain the composition of Rajya Sabha in brief.

Ans. Rajya Sabha has a total members of 250 with 238 member states elected by the state and The 12 members are nominated by the President.

Q4. What are the qualifications to become a member of Rajya Sabha?

Ans. He must be a citizen of India, he has attained the age of 30 years.

Q5. What are the two characteristics of Rajya Sabha?

Ans. Representation of all states, upper house

Four Marks Questions

Q1. Why do we need a Parliament?

Ans. Created after 1947, the Indian Parliament is an expression of the faith that the people of India have in principles of democracy. These are participation by people in the decision-making process and government by consent. The Parliament in our system has immense powers because it is the representative of the people.

  • Law-making body
  • Essential for representative democracy
  • Open forum of debate
  • most representative of all organ of the government.

Q2. Why do we need two houses of Parliament?

Ans. To give geographical representation to all sections of the society, every decision reconsidered, double check on every matter.

Rajya Sabha reflects a federal character by representing the units of the Union. While, Lok Sabha represents spirit of people. 2. Both Houses plays positive role in matters of Legislations.

Q3. What are the main functions of Parliament?

Ans. The Indian Parliament is a bicameral legislature. It consists of two houses: Rajya Sabha which is the upper chamber of the Parliament and Lok Sabha which is the lower chamber of the parliament.

The powers and functions can be classified into the following categories:

  •  Legislative powers and functions: The primary function of Parliament is law-making. Lok Sabha plays an important part here. It can pass bills concerning the Union and Concurrent list. No bill can be made into law unless it has been passed by the Parliament.
  • Executive powers and functions: Executive powers are needed in the process of implementing acts and policies in Parliament. The Parliament can remove the Cabinet out of power. 
  • Financial powers and functions: Parliament enjoys supreme authority in financial matters. It includes enactment of the budget, examining the performance of government concerning financial spending through financial committees.
  • Judicial powers and functions: It includes impeachment of the President for violation of the constitution, removal of judges of the supreme and high court, removal of vice-president, and punishment of its members or outsiders for breach of privileges. 
  • Electoral powers and functions: All Parliament members participate in the election of President and Vice-President. The members of Lok Sabha elect its speaker and deputy speaker from among its members. The Rajya Sabha elects its Deputy Chairman. 
  • Constituent powers and functions: Parliament is empowered to initiate a proposal for the amendment of the constitution. A bill for the amendment initiated in either House of the Parliament.

 Q4. What are the special powers of Rajya Sabha? Explain

Ans. The upper house of Parliament, Rajya Sabha, serves as a permanent member who, unlike Lok Sabha, never dissolves and one-third of its members resign every two years and the amendment chamber reviews bills passed by Lok Sabha which proposes a degree of continuity in the main policy of laws passed by Parliament. Rajya Sabha has many powers and few exclusive powers of the Rajya Sabha & powers of Rajya sabha can be divided in terms of

  • Legislative Powers
  • Executive powers
  • Electoral Powers
  • Judicial Powers
  • Exclusive powers

Q5. How does Parliament make the laws?


  • A bill approved by both parliamentary houses goes out to the speaker.
  • The speaker signs it, then the bill is submitted to the president for his assent. That’s the final step of a bill.
  • If the president approves the bill, then it becomes a law.

Six Marks Questions

Q1. Explain the instruments of parliamentary control over executive.

Ans. Question hours, adjournment motion, approval or refusal of laws, financial control and no confidence motion.

Q2. How does deliberation and discussion keep a control over executive?

Ans. In Parliamentary System, the Legislature ensures executive accountability at various stages: policy-making, implementation of laws and policy making and post implementation and stage. The Legislature does through the use of a variety of devices deliberation and discussion approval or refusal of laws and no confidence motion.

Q3. What is 52nd amendment? Give reasons of its importance.

Ans. 52nd amendment is anti-defection amendment. In this amendment the members are restricted from defecting. It means that if a member remains absent in the house when asked by the party leadership, or votes against the instructions of the party or voluntarily leaves the membership of party he is said to have been defected. If it is proved that the member has defected than he loses membership of the house and is disqualified from holding any political office.

Q4. Why do we need two houses of the Parliament?

Ans. Countries with large size and Diversity gives representation to all sections of the society and geographical regions of the country, every decision taken by one house is reconsidered by the second house. It means that every policy and every Bill will ,be discussed by both houses and twice so there is a double check on each and every matter.

Q5. How can you say that Lok Sabha is more powerful than Rajya Sabha?

Ans. Lok Sabha is more powerful than Rajya Sabha:

  • Directly elected by the people,
  • Approves proposals for taxation, budgets, financial statements,
  • Introduce money bills

Q6. What are the main functions of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha?


Functions of Lok Sabha

  • Makes Laws
  • Introduce and enact money and non-money bills
  • Approves bills for taxation
  • Controls the executive by asking questions
  • Amends the Constitution
  • Approves the Proclamation of emergency
  • Elects the President and the Vice President
  • Removes the Judges of High Courts and Supreme Courts
  • Establishes committees and commissions

Functions of Rajya Sabbha

  • Considers and approve non money bills.
  • Approves constitutional amendments.
  • Control over executive by asking questions.
  • Participate in the election and removal of the President VicePresident Judges of Supreme Court and High court.
  • Can give the Union Parliament power to make laws on matters included in the State List.

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