Executive (CH-4) Important Questions in English || Class 11 Political Science Chapter 4 in English ||

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Chapter – 4


In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 11 Political Science Chapter 4 (Executive) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in class 11 board exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 11
SubjectPolitical Science
Chapter no.Chapter 4
Chapter Name(Executive)
CategoryClass 11 Political Science Important Questions in English
Class 11 Political Science Chapter 4 Executive Important Questions in English

Chapter 4 Executive

One Mark Questions

Q1. Which provision is related to the President as mentioned in Article-74A?

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Ans. Council of Ministers including the Prime Minister to advise the President.

Q2. What is meant by the Executive?

Ans. The executive is responsible for the execution of policies.

Q3. Which people are mainly included by the Executive?

Ans. The executive Council consists mainly of the Council of Ministers and the President, including the Prime Minister.

Q4. What is the major difference between the Parliamentary Executive and Presidential Executive?

Ans. In Presidential system there will be no difference between real and nominal executive while in parliamentary executive real and nominal executive will be same.

Q5. What is the Presidential Executive? Give an Example.

Ans. In President system head of the state is not responsible to the legislature.

Q6. Mention any one discretionary power of the President of India.

Ans. To elect a Prime Minister when no political party gets majority in the Lok Sabha.

Q7. What do you understand by the Privileges of President?

Ans. Resend the bill

Q8. Explain any difference between permanent executive and political executive.

Ans. The permanent executive consists of accountable staff for day-to-day administration while the political executive includes the head of government and his ministers.

Q9. What do you understand by pocket veto?

Ans. When the President does not allow any bill and does not return for reconsideration in such a situation he uses the pocket veto.

Q10. What is meant by the principle of collective responsibility?

Ans. A government which loses confidence in the Lok Sabha has to resign, it means that if a motion of no confidence is passed against any one minister, then the entire Council of Ministers has to resign.

Q11. Who appoints the Governor of the state?

Ans. The Governor is appointed by the President

Q12. District Collector is generally of which level of officer?

Ans. Indian Administrative Service

Q13. With qualification and efficiency in public service, all sections of society should get equal opportunities. What provision has the Constitution ensured for this?

Ans. Provision of reservation

Q14. Who is the leader of majority party in the Lok Sabha?

Ans. Prime Minister

Two Marks Questions

Q1. Describe any two forms of executive.

Ans. Presidential / Parliamentary

Q2. What do you understand by collective responsibility?

Ans. If vote of no confidence passes against a single minister, it leads to the resignation of the entire council of ministers.

Q3. What does the President’s emergency powers mean?

Ans. The President (under article 352, 356 and 360 of the constitution) can declare emergency powers on the advice of Prime Minister with the council of Ministers.

Q4. The President is a ceremonial head of the state. Explain the brief.

Ans. Because real executive power vest in the hands of Prime Minister with the council of ministers.

Q5. Ministers in the cabinet swims together and sink together. What does this statement mean?

Ans. Explain collective responsibility.

Q6. Explain the powers of the Prime Minister.

Ans. Formation of the Council of Minister, Removal of the Council of Minister, Linchpin of the Government.

Q7. The Governor works as an agent of the Central Government. Explain.

Ans. Because central government appoints governor.

Q8. There is a strong administrative machinery in India. Do you agree with the view?

Ans. Yes, give four opinion.

Q9. What provisions have been made in the constitution to enable all sections of the society to become part of the bureaucracy? Explain.

Ans. Reservation for SC / ST / OBC in employment.

Q10. Bureaucracy is the means by which the government’s welfare policies must reach the public. Do you agree to this statement?

Ans. Yes, give your opinion with the help of examples.

Four Marks Questions

Q1. Define the four differences between the political executive and permanent executive.


  • Political Executive : Temporary, Tenure is not fixed, politically allegiance to the political party, less experiented (sometimes).
  • Permanent Executive : Tenure is fixed, partically neutral, efficient, trained and skilled officers.

Q2. Describe the four characteristics of the permanent executive.


  • Permanents executives are also known as non elected executives.
  • Permanent executives have a very long term i.e they do not leave their arena until and unless they retire.
  • Permanent executives are necessarily experts in their arenas.
  • Permanent executives get their designation and office by giving UPSC exam. hope it helps.

Q3. In a presidential government, how the president is the head of both state and the government?

Ans. Because there is only one head i.e. President.

  • The President is both the head of state and head of government of the United States of America, and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. Under Article II of the Constitution, the President is responsible for the execution and enforcement of the laws created by Congress.

Q4. Describe the emergency powers of the president.

Ans. The word emergency can be described as an unexpectedly occurring situation that causes public authorities to act instantly within their particular powers. An emergency is due to the breakdown of the administrative machinery that triggers or allows the government to urgently respond. The President exercises certain extraordinary power to deal with an emergency situation which are as follows:

  • National Emergency (Article 352).
  • President Rule (Article 356).
  • Financial Emergency (Article 360).

Q5. What are the privileges that make the power of the President effective?

Ans. The President has a regent to be informed of all important matters and deleberations of the Council of Ministers, veto power send back the advice given by Concil of Ministers.

Q6. The President cannot exercise his own discretion in the appointment of the Prime Minister? Do you agree to this view?

Ans. No, when no leader has a clear majority in the Lok Sabha, President has to decide whom to appoint as the Prime Minister

Q7. Why the Prime Minister acts as a Pivot between the President and the Parliament?

Ans. Because Prime Minister communicates all decisions of the Council of Ministers to the President.

Q8. The Prime Minister’s powers have been diminished due to the era of coalition. Do you agree with this statement?

Ans. Yes, In the era of coaletion Prime Ministerial authenty has been ended and it has also brought restrictions on various pregations of the Prime Minister lebe cheesing the Ministers and deciding their ranbs and pontflaws.

Six Marks Questions

Q1. Explain the powers of the President.

Ans. The primary duty of the president is to preserve, protect and defend the constitution and the law of India per Article 60. The president appoints the Chief Justice of India and other judges on the advice of the chief justice. The President may dismiss a judge with a two-thirds vote of the two Houses of the parliament.

Q2. Why do you think is the advice of the Council of Ministers binding on the President?

Ans. The advice of the Council of Ministers is binding on the President in a parliamentary executive because the Council of Ministers is an elected executive that has the support of the majority in the legislature.

Q3. When no leader has a clear majority in the Lok Sabha, to whom President will appoint the Prime Minister? Will be the effect of this situation?

Ans. When no party or coalition gets a majority in the Lok Sabha, the President exercises his or her discretion. The President appoints a leader who, in her opinion, can muster majority support in the Lok Sabha. In such a case, the President can ask the newly appointed Prime Minister to prove a majority support in the Lok Sabha within  a specified time.

Q4. Generally, in parliamentary form of government, the position of Prime Minister is become very powerful a influential. How?

Ans. The Prime Minister occupies a unique position in the Parliament because of the following reasons:

  • The Prime Minister is the chief spokesperson of the Executive as well as the leader of the Lok Sabha.
  • The Prime Minister holds the power to dismiss and appoint ministers and can ask a blundering minister to resign.
  • The Prime Minister directs as well as defends the policies of the Executive.
  • The Prime Minister is responsible for intervening in the controversial matters and settling the debate.
  • The Prime Minister’s resignation automatically dismisses the whole cabinet.

Q5. How bureaucracy helps the political executive?


  • The term bureaucracy literally means “rule by desks.” It is an institution that is hierarchical in nature and exists to formulate, enact, and enforce public policy in an efficient and equitable manner.
  • Bureaucracies can help organizations run smoothly and efficiently. This allows large organizations to streamline processes and bring order to systems and procedures. Management becomes easier and processes become less chaotic. Bureaucracies tend to include a division of labor with clearly defined roles.

We hope that Class 11 Political Science Chapter 4 (Executive) Important Questions in English helped you. If you have any queries about class 11 Political Science Chapter 4 (Executive) Important Questions in English or about any other notes of class 11 Political Science in English, so you can comment below. We will reach you as soon as possible…

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