Working of Institutions (CH-4) Important Questions in English || Class 9 Social Science (Political Science) Chapter 4 in English ||

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Chapter – 4

Working of Institutions

In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 9 Social Science Chapter 4 (Working of Institutions) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in Class 9 exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 9
SubjectSocial Science
Chapter no.Chapter 4
Chapter Name(Working of Institutions)
CategoryClass 9 Social Science Important Questions in English
Class 9 Social Science Chapter 4 Working of Institutions Important Questions in English

Very Short Answer Type Questions (1 Mark Each)

Q1. What is SEBC?

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Ans. Socially and Educationally Backward Classes

Q2. Who was headed the Second Backward Classes Commission in 1979?

Ans. B.P. Mandal

Q3. Which govt. implemented the report of Mandal Commission Report?

Ans. Janata Dal

Q4. Which organ of the government makes laws in any country?

Ans. Legislature

Q5. Who can make new laws, change existing laws, or abolish existing laws and make new ones in their place in India?

Ans. Parliament

Q6. Which of the houses of Parliament is more powerful than other?

Ans. Lok Sabha

Q7. Mention the types of executive.

Ans. Political and Permanent Executive

Q8. Who is the most important political institution in our country?

Ans. Prime Minister

Q9. Who is the head of state in India?

Ans. President

Q10. Who is the supreme commander of the defence forces of India?

Ans. President

Q11. India has which type of judiciary?

Ans. Integrated judiciary

Q12. What is the independence of the judiciary?

Ans. Judiciary is not under the control of the legislature or the executive.


Short/Long Answer Type Question ( 3/5 marks)

Q1. Mention the main three categories of reservation in India.


  • Scheduled Castes
  • Scheduled Tribes
  • Other backward Castes

Q2. Explain the responsibities of Mandal commission.


  • To determine the criteria socially and educationally backward Classes.
  • To identify the socially and educationally backward classes.
  • To recommend steps to be taken for the advancement socially and educationally backward classes.

Q3. How major decisions regarding laws/policies are taken in the country?


  • Prime minister or Head of the ministry announces the intention regarding the particular matter.
  • Union Cabinet takes a formal decision.
  • Prime minister or Head of the ministry informs the Parliament about the decision.
  • The decision of the Cabinet is sent to the respective ministry or Department to make the draft or Bill.
  • Prime minister or Head of the ministry presents the Draft or Bill in Parliament for the discussion.
  • The Parliament either rejects or passes the bill. If passed by the Parliament, it is sent for the assent of the President.
  • With the assent of the President, a bill becomes a law.

Q4. Describe the responsibilities of the Government.

Ans. Some of the responsibilities of the government are as follows:

  • Ensuring security to the citizens.
  • Providing facilities for education.
  • Providing facilities for Health.
  • Collection of the taxes.
  • spending money on development work
  • Formulation and implementation of several welfare schemes

Q5. Why do we need a Parliament?


  • Parliament is the final authority for making laws in any country.
  • Parliament controls those who run the government.
  • The government can take decisions so long as they enjoy support of the Parliament.
  • Parliament controls all the money that government has.
  • Parliament is the highest forum of discussion and debate on public issues and national policies in any country.

Q6. Describe the Council of Ministers.

Ans. The Council of Ministers The Council of Ministers is the official name for the body that includes all the ministers. It includes the following three types of ministers:

  • Cabinet Ministers: About 20 top-level ministers who are in charge of the major ministries.
  • Ministers of State with independent charge: They are usually in-charge of small Ministries.
  • Ministers of State: They are attached to and required to assist Cabinet Ministers.

Q7. Explain the powers of the Prime Minister of India.


  • Head of the government.
  • Ministers are appointed on the advice of the Prime Minister.
  • Distribution and redistribution of work to the ministers.
  • He can dismiss the ministers.
  • He chairs Cabinet meetings.
  • He coordinates the work of different departments. His decisions are final in case disagreements arise between Departments.
  • Leader of the house.
  • Represents the country on foreign tours.

Q8. Which house of the Parliament is more powerful? Explain giving three reasons.

Ans. Indian parliament consist of two houses: Lok Sabha(House of the people) and Rajya Sabha(council of state). Lok Sabha is more powerful than Rajya Sabha because:

  • It have more members than that of Rajya Sabha.
  • Any Ordinary law needs to be passed by both the houses, but if there is any difference between the two houses, the final decision is taken in a joint session of both the houses. Because of the large number of members, the view of the Lok Sabha is preferred.
  • Lok Sabha exercises more power in any money matter. Once the Lok Sabha passes the budget of the government or anH other money related law, the Rajya Sabha cannot reject it. The Rajya Sabha can delay it by 14 days or suggest changes in it. The Lok Sabha may or may not accept these changes.

Q9. Differentiate between the political executive and the permanent executive.

Ans. The difference between the political and permanent executive are tabulated below.

Political Executive

  • They are appointed by the people, so they are responsible to the people
  • They are the lawmakers and policymakers.
  • People elect them, and they can be replaced during the next election.
  • With each change in government, there is a change in the environment.

Permanent Executive

  • The government appoints them to serve under the political executive branch.
  • They are in charge of changing the government’s policies. 
  • They are permanent and stay in power even though the ruling party changes.
  • They are unaffected by changes in government.

Q10. Describe the powers and functions of the President of India.


  • All major appointments are made in the name of the President. These include the appointment of the Chief Justice& Judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts of the states, the Governors of the states, the Election Commissioners, ambassadors to other countries, etc.
  • All international treaties and agreements are made in the name of the President.
  • The President is the supreme commander of the defence forces of India.
  • All laws and major policy decisions of the government are issued in the name of the President.
  • A bill passed by the Parliament becomes a law only after the President gives assent to it.
  • The President appoints the Prime Minister and other ministers on advice of the Prime Minister.

Q11. How has the independence of the judiciary been ensured in India?

Ans. The Constitution of India has ensured independence of judiciary by:

  • protecting salaries and service conditions of judges.
  • prohibiting the judges from carrying on practice in courts of law after retirement.
  • providing Single judiciary.
  • ensuring security of tenure of judges. 

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