Electoral Politics (CH-3) Important Questions in English || Class 9 Social Science (Political Science) Chapter 3 in English ||

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Chapter – 3

Electoral Politics

In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 9 Social Science Chapter 3 (Electoral Politics) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in Class 9 exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 9
SubjectSocial Science
Chapter no.Chapter 3
Chapter Name(Electoral Politics)
CategoryClass 9 Social Science Important Questions in English
Class 9 Social Science Chapter 3 Electoral Politics Important Questions in English

Very Short Answer Type Questions (1 Mark each)

Q1. Who had formed the Lok Dal Party in Haryana?

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Ans. Chaudhary Devi Lal

Q2. Who led the movement ‘Struggle for Justice”?

Ans. Chaudhary Devi Lal

Q3. Who is responsible for the free and fair elections in India?

Ans. Election commission of India

Q4. Who had given the slogan ‘ Garibi Hatao’?

Ans. Former Prime Minister Smt. Indira Gandhi.

Q5. Which political party had given the slogan ‘Save Democracy”?

Ans. Janata Party.

Q6. How do we find out if the people like their representatives or not?

Ans. By Election

Q7. What do you mean by Election?

Ans. Elections are all about political competition where people can choose their representatives at regular intervals and change them if they wish to do so.

Q8. Who gives reward or punishment to the political representative?

Ans. The people or the Voters

Q9. Which the Union Territories have a Legislative Assembly?

Ans. NCT of Delhi and Puduchery

Q10. How many seats are unreserved in the Lok Sabha?

Ans. 412

Q11. How many seats are reserved for schedule castes and Schedule Tribes in Lok Sabha?

Ans. Currently, in the Lok Sabha, 84 seats are reserved for the Scheduled Castes and 47 for the Scheduled Tribes (as on 1 September 2012).

Q12. Write of the features of a democratic election.


  • Democracy is a form of government in which the rulers are elected by the people.
  • In a democracy, the final decision-making power must rest with those elected by the people.
  • Democracy must be based on a free and fair election where those currently in power have a fair chance of losing.
  • In a democracy, each adult citizen must have one vote and each vote must have one value. 
  • A democratic government rules within limits set by constitutional law and citizens’ rights.

Q13. What is adult franchise?

Ans. In India, all adult (18 years old and above) Citizens have the right to vote or elect their representatives without any discrimination.

Q14. What type of voting system is there in India?

Ans. First past the post.

Q15. What is EPIC?

Ans. Election Photo Identity Card.

Q16. Who has to fill a nomination form?

Ans. Every person who wishes to contest an election has to file a ‘nomination form’.

Q17. What is general election?

Ans. After the five years, Elections are held in all constituencies at the same time, either on the same day or within a few days.

Q18. What is the primary desire of the political leaders?

Ans. Political leaders want to remain in power or get power and positions for themselves.


Short/Long Answer Type Questions (3/5 Marks)

Q1. Discuss the composition of Parliament of India?

Ans. Parliament is the supreme legislative body of India. The Indian parliament comprises of the President and the two houses – Lok Sabha (House of the People or lower house of the Parliament) and Rajya Sabha (Council of
States or lower house of the Parliament).

Q2. Explain the electoral roll.

Ans. The electoral roll is a comprehensively compiled list which bears the names also details of voters in a specific constituency.

Q3. Discuss the distribution of seats in the Lok Sabha?

Ans. Total Seats (constituencies) : 545 (543 elected + 2 nominated)

  • General : 412
  • Reserved for SC: 84
  • Reserved for ST: 47
  • Anglo Indians: 02 ( nominated by the President of India)

Q4. Discuss the election process.

Ans.Important steps involved in the elections are in as follows: (In sequence)

  • Formation of constituencies.
  • Preparation of Voters’ list.
  • Declaration of date of Polling.
  • Filling of Nominations.
  • Scrutiny of Nominations.
  • Rejection/Withdrawal of Nominations.
  • Election Campaign.
  • Polling (Election Day)
  • Counting of Votes and Declaration of Results.

Q5. Discuss the powers and functions of the Election commission of India.


  • EC takes decisions on every aspect of conduct and control of elections from the announcement of elections to the declaration of results.
  • It implements the Code of Conduct and punishes any candidate or party that violates it.
  • During the election period, the Election Commission can order the government to follow some guidelines, to prevent use and misuse of governmental power to enhance its chances to win elections, or to transfer some government officials.
  • When on election duty, government officers work under the control of the Election Commission and not the government.

Q6. Explain the different types of representation in India.


  • Member of Parliament or an MP (Lok Sabha)
  • Member of Parliament or an MP (Rajya Sabha)
  • Member of Legislative Assembly or an MLA
  • Member of Legislative council or an MLC
  • Members of Panchayats
  • Member of Wards

Q7. Whether system of elections are democratic or not? Justify.

Ans.Yes, because:

  • Elections are held regularly after every five years.
  • All the citizen use their right to vote.
  • During elections, the Election Commission monitors all the polling activities.
  • After completion the term of all the elected representatives comes to an end.
  • Elections are held in all constituencies at the same time, either on the same day or within a few days.

Q8. Describe the electoral constituencies.

Ans.  On the basis of voter’s population, election commission has divided the country into different areas for the purposes of elections. These areas are called electoral constituencies. The voters who live in an area elect one
a representative from their constituency.

Q9. What makes an election democratic?

Ans. The minimum conditions of a de ocratic election are following:

  • Everyone should have one vote with equal weightage
  • Parties should offer some real choice to the voters
  • Elections must be held regularly
  • The candidate preferred by the people should get elected.
  • Elections should be conducted in a free and fair manner

Q10. Discuss the demerits of electoral competition or party politics?

Ans. Demerits of electoral competitions are:

  • It creates a sense of disunity and ‘factionalism’ in every locality.
  • Political parties and leaders often level allegations against one another.
  • Parties and candidates often use dirty tricks to win elections.
  • Pressure to win electoral fights does not allow sensible long-term policies to be formulated
  • In respect of the above demerits or unhealthy competition some good people who may wish to serve the country do not enter this arena.

Q11. Why do we need elections in democracy?

Ans. elections are considered essential in our times for any representative democracy because

  • In any large community, this is not possible that all the people can sit together every day and take all the decisions.
  • Nor is it possible for everyone to have the time and knowledge to take decisions on all matters.
  • People can choose or change their representatives according to their wish.

Q12. Describe the limitations and challenges to free and fair elections.


  • Candidates and parties use a lot of money. (Money Power)
  • Candidates with Criminal connection (Muscles Power)
  • Major roles of dominant families and their relatives.
  • Little choice to ordinary voters.
  • Candidates of Independent and smaller parties suffer disadvantages.

Q13. Explain the Model Code of Conduct?

Ans. Model Code of Conduct: All the candidates and their parties follow the Model Code of Conduct for election campaigns. According to this, Once elections are announced no party or candidate can;

  • Use any place of worship for election propaganda
  • Use government vehicles, aircrafts and officials for elections; and
  • Ministers shall not lay foundation stones of any projects, take any big policy decisions or make any promises of providing public facilities.

Q14. Briefly describe the activities that happen at the polling booth.


  • The election officials identify voter’s identity
  • Put a mark on his/her finger and
  •  Allow her to cast her vote.
  • An agent of each candidate is allowed to sit inside the polling booth and ensure that the voting takes place in a fair way.

We hope that Class 9 Social Science Chapter 3 (Electoral Politics) Important Questions in English helped you. If you have any queries about Class 9 Social Science Chapter 3 (Electoral Politics) Important Questions in English or about any other notes of Class 9 Social Science in English, so you can comment below. We will reach you as soon as possible…

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