India Size and Location (CH-1) Important Questions in English || Class 9 Social Science (Geography) Chapter 1 in English ||

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Chapter – 1

India Size and Location

In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 9 Social Science Chapter 1 (India Size and Location) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in Class 9 exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 9
SubjectSocial Science
Chapter no.Chapter 1
Chapter Name(India Size and Location)
CategoryClass 9 Social Science Important Questions in English
Class 9 Social Science Chapter 1 India Size and Location Important Questions in English

Very Short Answer Type Questions (1 Mark)

Q1. Which latitudinal line divides our country into two equal parts?

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Ans. Tropic of Cancer (230 30′)

Q2. What is the eastern longitudinal line of India?

Ans. 970 25′ E

Q3. Which narrow channel of sea separates India and Sri Lanka?

Ans. Palk strait

Q4. If you want to go to Kavaratti, which Union Territory will you go to?

Ans. Lakshadweep

Q5. Mention the latitudinal extent of India?

Ans. 80 4′ N to 370 6′ N

Q6. What is the area of total land mass of India?

Ans. 32.8 million square km.

Q7. What is the position of India in terms of area in the world?

Ans. Seventh

Q8. Which longitudinal line is the Standard Meridian of India?

Ans. 820 30′ E

Q9. What percentage of total geographical area of the world is in India?

Ans. 2.4 percent

Q10. How long is the land boundary of India?

Ans. 15,200 km

Q11. Which Union Territory of India is located in the Arabian Sea?

Ans. Lakshadweep

Q12. Which Union Territory of India is located in the Bay of Bengal?

Ans. Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Q13. From which place does the Standard Meridian of India pass?

Ans. Mirzapur (Uttar Pradesh)


Short/Long Answer Type Questions (3/5 Marks)

Q1. Mention the countries that are bigger than India in terms of area.


  • Russia
  • Canada
  • USA
  • China
  • Brazil
  • Australia

Q2. Mention the Indian states through which the Tropic of Cancer passes.

Ans. Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram

Q3. How long is the coastline of India? What are the two benefits of it?

Ans. The total length of India’s coastline is 7516.6 km.


  • Ports can be established on the coastline. This helps in international trade.
  • Sea is a good source of fish. This provides employment to millions of fishermen.

Q4. Why is there a difference of two hours in the sunrise in Arunachal Pradesh and Gujarat?


  • The longitudinal extent of India is from 68 7′ E to 97 25′ E. Thus, there is a difference of around 30.
  • The sun takes 4 minutes to cross one-degree longitude.
  • Therefore, 4x 30= 120 minutes i.e. 2 hours.

Q5. Why does India need the standard time?


  • The longitudinal difference of India from west to east is around 30.
  • This difference is equivalent to around 2 hours.
  • India is a very vast country and considering the level of education and awareness, India needs to have only one standard time, Therefore, 820 30′ E has been accepted as the Standard Meridian of India.

Q6. Mention the neighboring countries of India. Also mention their direction of location from India.

Ans. India’s neighboring countries as per direction from India:

  • Northwest- Pakistan, and Afghanistan
  • North- China (Tibet), Nepal, and Bhutan
  • East- Myanmar, and Bangladesh
  • South- (Island nations)- Sri Lanka and the Maldives

Q7. The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance. Why?


  • The Indian landmass has a central location between East and West Asia.
  • The trans-Indian Ocean routes which connect the countries of Europe in the West and the countries of East Asia provide a strategic central location to India. This helps international trade.
  • The long coastline is economically beneficial for India.
  • India is having an eminent position in the Indian Ocean which justifies the naming of the Ocean after it.

We hope that Class 9 Social Science Chapter 1 (India Size and Location) Important Questions in English helped you. If you have any queries about Class 9 Social Science Chapter 1 (India Size and Location) Important Questions in English or about any other notes of Class 9 Social Science in English, so you can comment below. We will reach you as soon as possible…

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