Food Security in India (CH-4) Important Questions in English || Class 9 Social Science (Economics) Chapter 4 in English ||

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Chapter – 4

Food Security in India

In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 9 Social Science Chapter 4 (Food Security in India) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in Class 9 exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 9
SubjectSocial Science
Chapter no.Chapter 4
Chapter Name(Food Security in India)
CategoryClass 9 Social Science Important Questions in English
Class 9 Social Science Chapter 4 Food Security in India Important Questions in English

1 Mark Questions

Q1. What is the meaning of food security?

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Ans. Food security means availability, accessibility and affordability of food to all people at all times,

Q2. When has the great famine of Bengal occurred in India?

Ans. 1943.

Q3. Name any 2 state of India facing acute food scarcity?

Ans. Bihar, Orissa, Jharkhand, West Bengal

Q4. Name the types of starvation?

Ans. Seasonal & Acute

Q5.List two factors of food security in India?

Ans. Buffer stock and Public Distribution System

Q6. What is Buffer stock?

Ans. Buffer Stock is the stock of food grains (wheat and rice) procured by the government through the Food Corporation of India (FCI).

Q7. What is PDS?

Ans. Government through the Food Corporation of India (FCI). Public Distribution System (PDS) refers to a system through which the food procured by the FCI is distributed among the poor through government regulated ration shops by using Ration cards.

Q8. What are the different types of Ration Cards?

Ans. There are three kinds of Ration Cards-

  • Antyodaya card – for the poorest of poor
  • BPL Card – for those below poverty line
  • APL Card – for all others

Q9. When could general public suffer with food insecurity?

Ans. During Earthquake, Drought, Flood, Tsunami and Famine due to bad harvest could eventually led to food insecurity even to affluent people of society.

Q10. When was rationing system started?

Ans. 1940s

Q11. Why employment schemes are organised?

Ans. To ensure food and nutritional to people residing below poverty level.

Q12. What is the need of fair price shop?

Ans. To ensure distribution of food grain to even the poorest of poor at lower than market price.

Q13. What is the target group of APY?

Ans. Indigent (poverty stricken) senior citizen.

Q14. Why government gives subsidy?

Ans. To make sure that price of commodity should be in the reach of poorest people.


3/5 Mark Questions

Q1. Explain the dimension of food security?

Ans. The dimension of food security are-

  • Availability of food
  • Accessibility (meaning within reach)
  • Affordability (meaning having enough money to buy sufficient, safe and nutritious food)

Q2. How food security can be ensured in India?


  • Self sufficiency in food through Green Revolution and modern technology in agriculture,
  • By maintaining Buffer Stock for present and future need,
  • A well planned distribution system like PDS to ensure food in the neighbourhood.

Q3. What is meant by MSP? How it help in food security?

Ans. The Food Corporation of India (FCI) purchases wheat and rice for the government from the farmers of surplus states at pre-announced prices. This price is called “Minimum Support Price’ (MSP). It helps in ensuring food security by several means-

  • For farmers it gives surety to their crop price and will be encouraged to grow certain crop.
  • For government it ensures that they should have enough crop to buy for their buffer stock and public welfare programmes,
  • For public this ensures that prices of a commodity will be stable and within their reach

Q4. Explain the impact of Green Revolution on food security?


  • it made India self sufficient in crop production.
  • After Green Revolution no food scarcity was felt even during adverse weather conditions
  • with the increase in per hectare crop production, as well as an extension of agricultural activities in the disadvantaged area, ensured regular food supply.

Q5. Differentiate between seasonal and acute starvation (hunger condition)?


Seasonal hunger

  • It arises due to seasonal nature of activity like farming or casual work
  • It is temporary.
  • It may or may not have nutritional deficiency.

Chronic hunger

  • It arises due to low income throughout the year because of little or no work.
  • It is permanent
  • It certainly led to nutritional deficiency.

Q6. List any three characteristics of Public Distribution System?

Ans. PDS is the most important step taken by the government of India towards ensuring food security.

  • It procures grain from FCI and distributes among the impoverished section of society.
  • There are almost 4.6 Lakh shops under PDS system reaching the farthest corner of country.
  • It distributes food grain through ration card and undergoes changes according to the need of society.

Q7. What is the need of maintaining Buffer Stock?


  • It ensures continuous supply of commodities to fair priced shops,
  • It is the stock of country which can be used during any calamity,
  • it helps farmer to sell their surplus crop at a respectable price.

Q8. How calamities affect food security?


  • Due to natural calamities the production of crops decreases which led to food scarcity in that area.
  • Due to scarcity food price rises up,
  • at this point some disadvantaged section of society will be deprived of food,
  • if the calamity existed for long time it will eventually led to starvation and famine.
  • it may ultimately led to widespread death due to weakness or weak immune system.

Q9. Explain any 5 food based programmes undertaken by the government?

Ans. Five food based programmes undertaken by the government are

  • Mid Day Meal Scheme
  • Food for work programme
  • PAY
  • APY
  • National Food Security Act- 2013

Q10. Explain the role of co-operative society in ensuring food security.


  • co-operative society opens low priced shops for distribution of food grains to the poor people.
  • It ensures food security to all sections of society,
  • Steps were taken to bring less fertile land into agricultural field,
  • Setting up of Grain Bank was possible only due to the intervention of co-ops
  • They help in awareness programmes and skill development in rural areas,

Q11. Describe the steps used by the government to become self sufficient in food grains.


  • Organizational and technological improvement
  • Emphasis on agriculture in 5 year plan,
  • Undertaking measures to expand agricultural land,
  • Encouragement of Green Revolution
  • by making canals and using machines it revolutionised agriculture work .

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