Contemporary South Asia (CH-5) Important Questions in English || Class 12 Political Science Chapter 5 in English ||

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Chapter – 5

Contemporary South Asia

In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 12 Political Science Chapter 5 (Contemporary South Asia) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in class 12 board exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 12
SubjectPolitical Science
Chapter no.Chapter 5
Chapter Name(Contemporary South Asia)
CategoryClass 12 Political Science Important Questions in English
Class 12 Political Science Chapter 5 Contemporary South Asia Important Questions in English

Chapter 5 Contemporary South Asia

One Marker Questions

Q1. How long constitutional monarchy remained in Nepal?

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Ans. 2006

Q2. In which country of South Asia, India has played an important role in its independence?

  • Sri Lanka
  • Nepal
  • Bhutan
  • Bangladesh

Ans. Bangladesh

Q3.Fill in the blank :-

________the party dominates Maldives.

Ans. Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP)

Q4. When did Sri Lanka get Independence?

  • 1946
  • 1947
  • 1948
  • 1949

Ans. 1948

Q5. Who represented the mass struggle of East Pakistan?

Ans. Sheikh Mujib

Q6. Siachen dispute is between which two countries?

Ans. India & Pakistan

Q7. Which treaty was signed by India and Pakistan In 1960?

Ans. Indus Water Treaty

Two Marker Questions

Q1. What is ‘SouthAsia’?

Ans. The expression South Asia usually Includes the following countries: – Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepa1,Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Q2. Mention any two points of conflict between India and Bangladesh?


  • The sharing of the Ganga and the Brahanaputra river waters
  • Bangladesh’s decision not to export natural gas to India.

Q3. List any two areas of conflict between India and Pakistan.

Ans. Two areas of conflict between India and Pakistan:-

  • Kashmir is a major issue of conflict between India and Pakistan
  • Strategic issues like the control of the Siachen Glacier and over acquisition of arms.

Q4. Mention one field of conflict between Nepal and Bhutan as well as Bangladesh and Myanmar.


  • One field of dispute between Nepal and Bhutan:- Migration of ethnic Nepalese into Bhutan
  • One field of dispute between Bangladesh and Myanmar:- Migration of people into Myanmar.

Q5. Identity the country that was first to liberalise its economy in the South Asian region.

Ans. Sri Lanka was the first country to liberalise its economy in the South Asian region.

Four Marker Questions

Q1. Explain any two reasons for the instability of democracy in Pakistan.


  • The social dominance of the military, clergy and landowing aristocracy.
  • The lack of genuine international support for democratic rule in Pakistan.

Q2. Explain two subjects on which India and Bangladesh have mutual cooperation and agreement.


  • Two States cooperate regularly on disaster management and invironmental Issues.
  • Both the countries have identified common threats and are more sensitive to each other’s needs.

Q3. Explain any two causes of ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka.


  • After independence, politics in Sri Lanka was dominated by forces that represented the interest of the majority Sinhala community.
  • The neglect of Tamil concerns led to militant the Tamil nationalism.

Q4. How democratization is going on in Nepal since 1990?


  • Nepal was a Hindu Kingdom in the earlier period and then a constitutional monarchy in the modern period for many years.
  • The king accepted the demand for a new democratic constitution in 1990, in the wake of a strong pro-democracy movement. However, the democratic government had a short and troubled career.
  • For sometime, there was a triangular conflict among the monarchist forces, the democrats and the Maoists.
  • In 2008, Nepal became a democratic republic after abolishing the monarchy.
  • In 2015 it adopted a new Constitution.


Five Marker Questions

Q1. Examine the given cartoon carefully and answer the questions that follow :-

 i) Which country does the above cartoon belong to?

Ans. Sri Lanka

ii) Which communities are the lions and tigers representing in this cartoon?

Ans. The lion represents the Sinhalese community of Sri Lanka and the tiger represents the Tamil community.

iii) Who is the person shown in the cartoon? Describe the effort made by him.

Ans. The person depicted in the cartoon is the then President of Sri Lanka Mr. Mahindra Rajapaksa and he is trying to strike a balance between the two communities.

Six Marker Questions

Q1. Critically evaluate India-Pakistan relations.

Ans. Socio,economic, cultural and historical similarities in India and Pakistan.

India-Pakistan conflict:-

  • 1947-48, 1965, 1971, 1999 Military conflict
  • Kashmir issue,
  • arms race
  • terrorism,
  • Siachen glacier dispute.

Areas with potential for India-Pakistan cooperation: –

  • Cultural (film, songs, drama etc.)
  • Sports fields (cricket, hockey etc.)
  • Business (Cotton, Onion, Software etc.)

Need for increased cooperation in both countries for poverty alleviation, deoelopment, persistence of democracy etc.

Q2. ‘Despite the mixed record of Democratic experience the people of all the countries of South Asia share the aspiration of democracy.’ Explain.


  • Despite the mixed record of the democratic experience. the people in all these countries of South Asia share the aspiration for democracy.
  • A recent survey of the attitudes of the people in the lice big countries of the region showed that there is widespread support for democracy in all these countries.
  • Ordinary citizens, rich as well as poor and belonging to different religions, view the idea of democracy positively and support the institutions of representative democracy.

For example:-

  • India and Sri Lanka have successfully operated a democratic system since their Independence from the British.
  • Nepal has transformed into a democracy from monarchy.
  • Maldives from Sultanate to Republic with a presidential form along with a multi -party system.

Q3. What are the reasons for the relatively small countries of South Asia behaving suspiciously towards India?

Ans. Sheer size, Geographical Specification, large and young population, growing economy, large military power, ahead of others in technology, important place in international politics.

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