Work, Livelihood, and Career (Ch-1) Important Questions || Class 12 Home Science Chapter 1 in English ||

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Chapter – 1

Work, Livelihood, and Career

In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 12 Home Science Chapter 1 (Work, Livelihood, and Career) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in class 12 board exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 12
SubjectHome Science
Chapter no.Chapter 1
Chapter Name(Work, Livelihood, and Career)
CategoryClass 12 Home Science Important Questions in English
Class 12 Home Science Chapter 1 Work, Livelihood, and Career Questions in English

Chapter 1 Work, Livelihood, and Career

Very short answer questions (1 mark)

Q1. What do you understand by meaningful work?

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Ans. Meaningful work refers to all such activities which contribute to personal growth, instills confidence and self-worth and which are beneficial for the society.

Q2. Write any two objectives of Beti Bachao Beti padhao Yojana.


  • To stop gender biased sex selection that is female feticide
  • To ensure that every girl child gets quality education.

Q3. State any two benefits of ergonomics.


  • Increase in productivity
  • Decrease in errors

Q4. Give one word for ‘New ideas being effectively and successfully put to use’.

Ans. Innovation

Q5. State any two issues related to women in modern India


  • Double burden of family and job, resulting in stress and health issues.
  • Maternity benefits and social support for child care.

Short answer questions (2 marks)

Q1. Write any four ways which help to understand the work.


  • A job and livelihood for most of the people.
  • A means for self-creativity.
  • A symbol of status power and control.
  • a source of pleasure and complete mental satisfaction.

Q2. Enumerate any four points to be kept in mind while selecting a career.


  • Special talents, traits and interests of the person.
  • Selected occupation to give the person a sense of being useful.
  • work should be stimulating and challenging for the person.
  • ethos and environment of the workplace.

Q3. What is the contribution of a housewife in the economy of the family/ Why the domestic work done by women should be considered as financial contribution in the family?


  • Women fulfill the needs of family.
  • Support and motivate the family memnbers in all stages of their life so that they can do their work efficiently.
  • Perform household chores and contribute to family resources.
  • judiciously use resources and save money.

Q4. Write the four pillars of Ergonomics.


  • Anthropometry (body size and measurements).
  • Biomechanics (Musculoskeletal activities and forces exerted).
  • Industrial Psychology.

Q5. Write any two reasons for extinction of Indian traditional occupations?


  • Gradual erosion of aesthetic appreciation of Fine Arts.
  • Insufficient finance and marketing services.

Short answer questions (3 marks)

Q1. How can the traditional occupations of India be improved?

Ans. Ways for improvement in these occupations.

  • Establishment of training facilities.
  • Design innovations.
  • Use of Eco friendly raw materials.
  • Preservation and refinement strategies.
  • New and attractive packaging.
  • Protection of intellectual property right

Q2. Beti bachao Beti Padhao Scheme is a joint initiative of which three ministries?


  • Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • Ministry of Human Resource Development.

Q3. How will women get recognition in the family and the society?


  • The mindset has to be modern.
  • The domestic work done by women need to be valued as an economic contribution.
  • All family members to be involved and be responsible for household work.
  • increase in literacy rate of women.
  • The attitude and approach of society has to be changed.
  • Posting women on high and prestigious posts.

Long answer questions (4 marks)

Q1. What are the government initiatives in favour of women?


Q2. What is the full form of K.G.B.V. Scheme? When was it started? Write its beneficiaries and objectives.


  • It was launched in August 2004 under SSA.
  • It helps in implementing Right to Education Act (R.T.E.)
  • Beneficiaries
    • Girls belonging to scheduled castes, scheduled tribes other backward classes and minorities.
    • Girls belonging to below poverty line familes in educationally backward blocks and Dropout girls from rural and remote areas
  • Objectives
    • To provide a safe educational environment for girls of backward classes and tribes,
    • To educate dropout girls belonging to below poverty line families.
    • To improve girls literacy rate.
    • To help in implementing RTE Act of Government of India

Long answer questions (5 marks)

Q1. What are life skills? Write their contribution in success of an entrepreneur. Enumerate any 6 life skills.

Ans. Life skills are abilities for adaptive and positive behaviour that enable individuals to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life. Need of Life skills for an entrepreneur

  • Life skills help an entrepreneur to deal effectively with challenging or adverse situations faced during establishment of an enterprise.
  • They help to prevent negative behaviour.

Ten core sets of skills identified by experts

  • Self-awareness
  • Communication
  • Decision making
  • Creative Thinking
  • Coping with emotions
  • Empathy
  • Interpersonal relationship
  • Problem solving
  • Critical thinking
  • Coping with stress

Q2. Rohit is a manager in a factory. Explain in detail what soft skills he needs to develop for progress in his field.

Ans. Essential soft skill he should develop are

  • Working productively: Sufficient knowledge, skills and expertise, experience, enthusiasm, zeal and dynamism help to increase the production
  • Learning effectively
    • Learning to use tools and strategies related to one’s field
    • Updating oneself to keep pace with advances and development
    • Always ready to learn new skills to acquire information within the field and motivation to work hard.
  • Clear communication
  • Working cooperatively
  • Thinking critically and creatively
    • Being innovative and creative
    • Analytical thinking and Critical evaluation
  • Concentration and alertness

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