Water Resources (Ch-6) Important Questions || Class 12 Geography Book 2 Chapter 6 in English ||

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Chapter – 6

Water Resources

In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 12 Geography Chapter 6 (Water Resources) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in class 12 board exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 12
Chapter no.Chapter 6
Chapter Name(Water Resources)
CategoryClass 12 Geography Important Questions in English
Class 12 Geography Chapter 6 Water Resources Important Questions in English

Chapter – 6, (Water Resources)

1 Mark Questions

Q1. Mention Any One Important Characteristic Of Water Resource?

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A) Cyclic Resource

B) Non-renewable

C) Man-made resource

D) None of the above

Q2. What Amount Of Water Is Available From The Total Annual Precipitation In India?

A) 3000 cubic km.

B) 4000cubic Km.

C) 3500 cubic km

D) 40000 cubic km

Q3. What Percent Of The Earth’s Surface Is Covered By Water?

A) 72 %

B) 84%

C) 71 %

D) 70%

Q4. What Percent Of The Earth’s Surface Constitutes Fresh Water?

A) 3%

B) 4%

C) 3.5%

D) 1%

Q5. Which Was The First State To Make Rain Water Harvesting System Compulsory?


B) Maharashtra

C) Punjab

D) Tamil Nadu

Q6. Name Any Water Conservation Projects Of Andhra Pradesh?

A) Arvary pani

B) Haryali

C) Neeru-Neeru

D) None of the above

Q7. Mention Four Sources Of Surface Water

A) River water

B) lake

C) ice caps

D) all of the above

3 Marks Questions

Q1. Why Is Water Demanded For Irrigation In Agriculture?

Ans. Water Is Demanded for Irrigation In Agriculture For The Following Reasons.

  • Need For Irrigation Is Very High In India Due To The Spatial And Temporal Variation Of Rainfall.
  • As Winter And Summer Season Are More Or Less Dry In Most Parts Of India. So, Without Irrigation Agriculture Cannot Be Practised In These Parts.
  • Some Crops Like Rice, Sugarcane, Jute, And Other Are Water Intensive And Require More Water To Grow.
  • Irrigation Helps To Grow Multiple Crops, Gives More Agricultural Productivity

Q2. What Is Water Pollution? Mention Any Two Causes Of Water Pollution.

Ans. Any Unwanted Substance Which Makes Water Unfit For Its Use. Is Called As Water Pollution.

  • Two Causes Of Water Pollution Include:
    • The Toxic Substances Are Responsible For Water Pollution By Dissolving Or Lie Suspended In Lakes, Streams, Rivers And Oceans.
    • Sometimes, These Pollutants Seep Down And Pollute Groundwater

Q3. Why Do We Need To Conserve The Water Resource?

Ans. There is a need to conserve water resources due to the following reasons:

Low Availability of Fresh Water

  • In India fresh water is not available to meet the demand of a large population. The increasing population is also shrinking the per capita availability of water.

To Irrigate Crops

  • India is an agrarian economy. Most of its population is dependent on agriculture. Water is required to irrigate crops and ensure the employment of agrarian workers and the development of the economy.

For Sustainable Development

  • Water is a life-giving precious resource if we do not save and conserve it, development cannot be possible. So, to ensure sustainable development we need to be conserved the water for future use.

5 Marks Questions

Q1. Define Rainwater Harvesting And Its Advantages.

Ans. Rain Water Harvesting Is A Method To Capture And Store Rainwater For Various Uses.

  • It Is Also Used To Recharge Groundwater Aquifers.
  • It Is A Low Cost And Eco-Friendly Technique
  • Rainwater Harvesting Increases Water Availability,
  • Checks The Declining Groundwater Table,
  • Improves The Quality Of Groundwater,
  • Controls Soil Erosion And Flooding.

Q2.What Do We Mean By Water Conservation? What Are Some Of The Measures By Which We Can Reduce And Reuse The Water?

Ans. Water Conservation Refers To The Practice Of Using Water Efficiently To Reduce Unnecessary Water Usage. Some Of The Measures By Which We Can Reduce And Reuse The Water Are As Follows:

  • Recycle And Reuse Is A Simple And Best Way To Conserve Fresh Water And Make It  Available For All.
  • Industries Can Use Water Of Low Quality And Their Waste Water For Cooling And Fire Fighting, Which Can Decrease The Cost Of Water For Them And Conserve Fresh Water.
  • Water Could Be Collected After Bathing And Washing Utensils, Washing Clothes And Cars Can Be A Better Option For Gardening..

Q3. Explain Any Three Factors Responsible For The Depletion Of Water Resources. Mention Any Two Measures Take By The Government To Control Water Pollution In India.

Ans. The Three Factors Responsible For The Depletion Of Water Resources In India Are As follows:

  • Increasing Population Population In India Is Increasing With A Higher Growth Rate. This Growth Is Responsible For Decreasing The Availability Of Fresh Water And Per Capita Availability Of Water.
  • Industrialization Has Increased Many Folds After Independence. It Created A Major Problem Of Water Pollution In India As Industrial Wastes Are Disposed of In Water Sources.
  • Over Utilisation Of Ground, Water India Is An Agrarian Country. Thus, Water Is Required In High Amount For Irrigation In Agriculture. In The Irrigated Areas, Groundwater Is Used To Obtain Maximum Agriculture Output. Utilization Of Groundwater In These Areas Has Led To The Declining Of Groundwater Level

Some Of The Steps Taken By The Government To Control Water Pollution Are As Follows:

  • Water (Prevention And Control Of Pollution Act Of 1974.
  • Environment Protection Act (1986). These Acts Were Unsuccessful As In 1997, 251
  • Polluting Factories Were Established Along The Rivers And Lakes.
  • The Water Cess Act Of 1977.

Q5. How Does Scarcity Of Water Lead To Disputes?


  • Approximately, 71 percent Of The Earth’s Surface Is Covered With It But Only 3% Of It Is Fresh Water. A Very Small Proportion Of Fresh Water Is Effectively Available For Human Use
  • The Availability Of Fresh Water Varies Over Space And Time.
  • The Tensions And Disputes On Sharing And Control Of This Scare Resource Are Becoming Issues Among Communities, Regions, And States.
  • After Independence, Demand For Water Had Been Increasing Due To The Rapid Growth Of Population, Agricultural Development, Urbanization, Industrialization, Etc. These Developments Have Led To Several Inter-State Disputes About Sharing Of Water Of These Rivers. For Example, The The Cauvery Water Dispute Between Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, And Kerala, The Krishna Water Dispute Between Maharashtra, Karnataka, And Andhra Pradesh, Etc.

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