Human Settlements (Ch-10) Important Questions || Class 12 Geography Book 1 Chapter 10 in English ||

Share Now on

Chapter – 10

Human Settlements

In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 12 Geography Chapter 10 (Human Settlements) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in class 12 board exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 12
Chapter no.Chapter 10
Chapter Name(Human Settlements)
CategoryClass 12 Geography Important Questions in English
Class 12 Geography Chapter 10 Human Settlements Important Questions in English

Chapter – 10, (Human Settlements)

1 Marks Questions

Q1 Which of these three activities dominated in rural areas.

Criss Cross Classes BookPrinted Books Are Available Now!

a) Primary

b) secondary

c) Tertiary

d) Quaternary

Q2 Places such as Jerusalem and Mecca ar known as ———town.

a) Trading

b) Commercial

c) Cultural

d) Administrative

Q3 Which is the largest town of Asia

a) Shanghai

b) Mumbai

c) Tokyo

d) Karachi

Q4 What is the population of an urban town in India?





Q5 Identify the types of settlement that develops on either side of a road , a river, a railway station

a) Cross shaped

b) Circular

c) linier

d) Square

Q6 Name two types of settlements.

Ans. Rural and Urban

Q7 Which types of economic activity dominates by the people of the Urban Settlements?

Ans. Secondary and tertiary.

Q8 What should be the density of population in urban settlement?

Ans. 400 persons per sq. km

Q8 Name the two types of settlement on the basis of their shape.


(i) Compact or Nucleated settlements and

(ii) Dispersed Settlements.

Q9 Where is T-shaped pattern settlement pattern found?

Ans. T-shaped settlements develop at tri-junctions of the roads (T)

Q10 Which town was the first urban settlement to reach a population of one Million?

 Ans. London in 1810.

Q11 How many million towns are there in the world?

Ans. 438

Q12 What is the percentages of urban population in the world in 2001? Page 23 of 60

Ans. 54% (2017)

Q13 Name any two planned city of the world.


i. Chandigarh and

ii. Canberra

Q14 What is meaning of “Addis Ababa”?

Ans. The New Flower

3 Marks Questions

Q1. What are the basic differences between towns and villages?

Ans. On the basis of population size, a village is different from a town. But the basic difference between towns and villages is that in towns the main occupation of the people is related to secondary and tertiary sectors, while in village, most of the people are engaged in primary occupation.

Q2. Distinguish between compact and Dispersed Settlements.

Differences between compact settlements and dispersed settlements are as follows:


Compact Settlements

  • Spacing between houses is less as compared to dispersed settlements.
  • Fertile plains and river valleys are ideal for the development of this type of settlements.
  • Compact and congested houses with a narrow street pattern are some features of this type of settlements.
  • Usually, people practise cultivation.
  • The population is more and it creates high pressure on available cultivable land.

Dispersed Settlements

  • Spacing between houses is more as compared to compact settlements.
  • Forested areas and areas having extreme temperature are ideal for the development of this type of settlements.
  • Houses can be seen as isolated huts in remote jungle and hills with large farm and pastures.
  • Usually, people rear their animals.
  • The population is less and their pressure on land is negligible.

Q3. What are wet point settlements? State three advantages of these settlement.

Ans. Rural settlements are often a Located near water bodies such as rivers, lakes, and springs. People settle around them for their advantages.

  • They have provision of water for drinking, cooking, washing etc.
  • Rivers and lakes are used for irrigation purposes.
  • Rivers are used for inland transport.

Q4. Describe three problems of the urban settlements of developing countries.


  • The unsustainable concentration of population
  • congested housing and streets
  •  Lack of drinking water facilities.
  • Lack infrastructure

Q5. Classify the urban centres on the basis of the size and the services available and functions Rendered?


  • Town
  • City
  • Million city
  • Conurbation
  • Megalopolis

Q6. Describe the functions of the urban centres of the world?


(a) The earliest towns were centres of

  • administration
  • Trade
  • Industry iv. Defense and
  • Religious importance

(b) Today, several new functions, such as:

  • recreational
  • Residential
  • Transport
  • Mining
  • Manufacturing and
  • Most recently activities related to information technology are carried on in specialised towns.

Q7. Define the term Sub-Urbanisation?

Ans. It is a new trend of people moving away from congested urban areas to cleaner areas outside the city in search of a better quality of living. Important suburbs develop around major cities and everyday thousands of people commute from their homes in the sub -urbs to their work places in the city.

5 Marks Question

Q1. What factors influence the pattern of rural settlement?


  • The way house are sited in relation to each other
  • The site of the village
  • The surrounding topography.
  • The Terrain
  • Shape and size of a village.

Q2. State the types of villages on the basis of shapes?


  • Linear
  • Rectangular
  • Circular
  • Star-shaped
  • T-shaped
  • Y- shaped
  • Double village
  • Cross-shaped village

Q3. Explain any five major problems of the rural settlements in the developing countries of the world.

Ans. Rural settlements are now facing various problems which are as follows:

  • Scarcity of Water
  • Improper Housing
  • Lack of General Facilities
  • Lack of Connectivity
  • Lack of Infrastructure.

We hope that Class 12 Geography Chapter 10 (Human Settlements) Important Questions in English helped you. If you have any queries about class 12 Geography Chapter 10 (Human Settlements) Important Questions in English or about any other notes of class 12 Geography in English, so you can comment below. We will reach you as soon as possible…

Share Now on

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *