Our Apparel (Ch-14) Important Questions || Class 14 Home Science Chapter 14 in English ||

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Chapter – 14

Our Apparel

In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 11 Home Science Chapter 14 (Our Apparel) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in class 11 board exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 11
SubjectHome Science
Chapter no.Chapter 14
Chapter Name(Our Apparel)
CategoryClass 11 Home Science Important Questions in English
Class 11 Home Science Chapter 14 Our Apparel Questions in English

Chapter 14 Our Apparel

Short Answer Questions (1 Mark)

Q1. Why do we buy clothes according to the weather?

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Ans. The main function of clothes is to protect the body from heat and cold and also to maintain normal body temperature even under adverse conditions. Therefore, clothes should always be taken according to the weather.

Q2. What types of clothing fabrics are most suitable for infants?

Ans. Cotton fabrics are most suitable for infants.

Q3. While choosing clothes for a two year old what should be the characteristics in the clothing at the time of selection?

Ans. Self-help apparel should be selected because children of this age prefer to wear clothes on their own.

Q4. List two functions of clothes.

Ans. Modesty, Protection, Status and prestige, Adornment and Self Expression.

Q5. Give two factors affecting the selection of clothes in India.

Ans. Age, Climate and season, Occasion, Fashion and Income. (Any two)

Q6. Which type garment is most suitable for children with special needs?

Ans. The garment most suitable for children with special needs, is the one made to suit the individual needs of both the wearer and the caregiver.

Q7. In which income group families clothes of elder sibling are used for younger sibling?

Ans. In middle or low income families.

Q8. Why is school uniform prescribed for school children?

Ans. School uniform is prescribed for school children so as to reduce the socia-economic gap between students.

Q9. Clothes can save us from physical bodily harm. Give an example.

Ans. An example of how clothes can protect us from physical harm is fire fighting workers wear special types of attire to protect them from fire, smoke and water.

Q10. Why should children’s clothes be loose?

Ans. For comfortable physical fits, it is essential to have adequate loosening of clothes in children’s clothes.

Short Answer Questions (2 Marks)

Q1. Give four basic requirements for children’s clothing.

Ans. Basic requirements for children’s clothing

  • Comfort and Convenience
  • Safety
  • Self-help
  • Appearance
  • Allowance for growth
  • Easy Care Fabrics (Any four)

Q2. Why are self-help garments important for two year old children?

Ans. Self-help garments are important for two year old children as children aged about two years like to wear clothes on their own.

Q3. What is this right fitting shoe for a Toddler?

Ans. The right fitting shoe is the same as the one that fits easily in the toddler’s foot. The shoes of the right fit help to balance, climb and build the right physical skills while running.

Q4. What are Fads?

Ans. There are some fashions that greatly highlight some characteristics of the garment, and only effect a particular section or region of the society. Such fashions are usually not prevalent for long. This type of fashion form is called Fads.

Q5. What type of clothes do mothers like for their children?

Ans. Mothers like such clothes for children more:

  • Which do not require much care.
  • Which can be easily washed.
  • There is no need or littleneed to iron them.

Q6. Why should infant clothes not be of pure wool?

Ans. Woollen clothes can damage the skin of infants, so the woollen clothes of infants should have a mixture of cotton and wool. Such fabrics are called flannel.

Q7. Why are cotton garments most suitable for preschool children?

Ans. Cotton garments are best suited for children in the preschool age group as from health point of view they are good, as well, easy to absorb water and easy to wash too.

Long answer questions (3 Marks)

Q1. What is the significance of shoes in the toddler stage (1-2 years of age) in children?

Ans. Importance of Shoes in Toddler Stage (1-2 years of age): When the child starts walking, usually flexible, thin-heeled shoes with a rough sole, thickness of 1/8 inches are preferred. They can be without heel or a small heel and the toe part should be full and fluffy. Special attention should be paid to the fitting of shoes for the child.

Q2. How should the clothing for preschool children be like?

Ans. Clothes for pre-school children should be :

  • Comfortable to wear
  • Easy to maintain
  • Be durable in use
  • Which is suitable for changing needs due to physical development
  • Design and colour should be attractive
  • Should Promote self-sufficiency.

Q3. What are the points that should be kept in mind while buying clothes? Explain any three points in detail.

Ans. Comfort and convenience, safety, self-help, appearance, scope for growth, simple care, clothing (Fabric). (Explain any three of these points in detail).

Q4. What type of clothes should be selected for crawling children?

Ans. By this age, children begin to become self-reliant, and comfortable need clothes for protection and comfort.

  • In this age group, the basic clothing needs are loose and comfortable clothes for crawling age Apparel designs suitable for crawling age non-interfering garments.
  • Loose-fitting fabrics are very suitable, both knitted and bias cut garments are most suited as they stretch allowing for some growth.
  • Too much bulk can hamper motor movement, can hinder children’s physical motion, light garments are more appropriate.
  • The clothes should be made of suitable fabric, i.e., one that is soft, smooth and does not collect soil readily.
  • Children’s clothes should be easy to care for, i.e., wash and iron.
  • It is important to look at the feature of convenient openings in the garment to slip off and put on easily.
  • Most suitable garments for this age are rompers and sun-suits made from knitted or woven material.
  • Training pants are often worn when toilet training begins. These are made of fabrics that fit snuggly at the hip. (Explain any three of these points in detail.

Q5. What type of clothes should be selected for adolescents?


  • During early adolescence, adolescents should buy less clothing at a time, otherwise the clothes will become small due to the rapid body growth.
  • During adolescence, fittings and the prevailing tashion is much more important than the quality and texture of clothing.
  • Clothing also helps in improving the personality of adolescents as well as enhancing their self-esteem.

Q6. Why is the selection of clothes for adolescents considered difficult?

Ans. Selection of clothes for adolescents is a difficult task because, at this age, they want to wear something new, different and unique instead of traditional clothes. They want themselves to look different and have different identities. They want to wear clothes in accordance with the present-day fashion and also want to get praise and acceptance from their peers through clothing, so they should have clothes that look good on them, look beautiful and enhance their self-esteem.

Long Answer Questions (4 Marks)

Q1. How can you keep a margin for the physical growth in children’s clothing?

Ans. Keeping in mind the physical growth and development of children, there should be a margin for increase in clothing. But that does not mean that extra large clothes are bought because very loose clothes are neither comfortable nor safe.

  • Priority should be given to clothes which are not tight fit and have a provision for increasing the length.
  • Choose clothes that do not shrink.
  • There should be additional cloth on the lower edge of the pants so that the pants can be increased in length when the child’s height increases.
  • Darts and picks on the shoulders have the scope to loosen clothes when the physical measurements increase.

Q2. Discuss any four requirements of children’s apparel and clothing.


  • Comfort and convenience: Acrylic, cotton and nylon blended garments are convenient due to their flexibility during various physical activities.
  • Safety: There is a fear of falling when entangled with very loose clothes. So they should fit well.
  • Self Help: Clothes should be ones that children can easily wear and take off.
  • Scope for enlargement: Given the physical growth of children, there should be a scope for increasing the length of the garment such as pants or frocks, they should have extra cloth stitched on the lower edge. In addition, the clothes should not shrink.

Long Answer Questions (5 Marks)

Q1. What should be the characteristics of clothing for children with special needs?

Ans. The selection of clothing for children with special needs should be done according to the type of disability and the difficulties associated with it.

  • For children with special needs, apparel is selected according to their type of disability and the difficulties associated with it.
  • Comfort is the primary criterion, cotton is the most preferred fabric for summer, and velvet corduroy and cotswool for winter.
  • Garments should have reinforcements at specified areas for calipers and braces.
  • The garments selected should be strong so as to withstand abrasion in case the children use orthotic devices or wheel chairs.
  • Openings should be easily accessible and easy to fasten. Velcros and zippers with key chains are good choices.
  • Wearing and taking off should be simple, and so wider necklines, waist belts with elastics.
  • It is very important to have aesthetics in clothes, the clothes of children with disabilities should also look like normal children’s clothes, i.e., which are well stitched but easy to wear.
  • Clothes should be appealing in colour and print so that the wearer feels good.
  • The most suitable garment for such children is that designed to suit the individual needs of both the wearer and the caregiver.

Q2. Mention in detail the various functions of clothes.

Ans. Clothes have the following functions:

  • Modesty
  • Protection
  • Status and prestige
  • Adornment
  • Self-Expression

Q3. What should be the type of clothing for adolescents?

Ans. Clothing for adolescents (11-19 years) should be of the following types:

  • The qualities in clothes that are most important to teenagers are fit style and fashion.
  • Adolescents not only wear new styles, they also create new styles.
  • Adolescents are earnest followers of fashion and fads.
  • Adolescents would like to spend large sums of money for their clothing.
  • When dressing up for sports or workouts, one should make choice of clothes and shoes that are comfortable and prevents such problems as strains, blisters, sprains and sore legs and ankles.
  • Adolescents should use fabrics which are easy to wash, as simple hygiene can save the skin from irritation and rashes.
  • Garment design and fabric should allow for free movement and absorption of perspiration.
  • Adolescent’s garments should not be disrespectful in any way.
  • The garments should be soft, flexible and comfortable.
  • Clothing should suit the physical appearance, length and skin colour of adolescents.

We hope that Class 11 Home Science Chapter 14 (Our Apparel) Important Questions in English helped you. If you have any queries about class 11 Home Science Chapter 14 (Our Apparel) Important Questions in English or about any other notes of class 11 Home Science in English, so you can comment below. We will reach you as soon as possible…

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