Climate (CH-4) Important Questions in English || Class 9 Social Science (Geography) Chapter 4 in English ||

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Chapter – 4


In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 9 Social Science Chapter 4 (Climate) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in Class 9 exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 9
SubjectSocial Science
Chapter no.Chapter 4
Chapter Name(Drainage)
CategoryClass 9 Social Science Important Questions in English
Class 9 Social Science Chapter 4 Climate Important Questions in English

Very Short Answer Type Questions(1 Marks each)

Q1. What type of climate india has?

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Ans. Monsoon

Q2. What is climate?

Ans. Climate refers to the average, or typical, weather conditions observed over a long period (above 30 years) of time for a given area.

Q3. Which type of climate is found mainly in the south and the South-East Asia?

Ans. Mosnsoon

Q4. In which places, there is a wide difference between day and night temperatures?

Ans. Thar Desert, (in the day temperature may rise to 50″C, and drop down to near 15″C the same night)

Q5. In which places, there is hardly any difference in day and night temperatures?

Ans. Andaman and Nicobar islands or in Kerala.

Q6. In Which months, most parts of the India received rainfall?

Ans. June to September

Q7. Which type of areas experience less contrasts in temperature conditions.

Ans. Coastal areas

Q8. What is the originating point of North Easterly wind?

Ans. These winds originate from the subtropical high-pressure belt of the northern hemisphere.

Q9. What is meant by Coriolis force?

Ans. Coriolis force refers to the apparent force caused by the earth’s rotation.

Q10. What do you mean by Jet stream?

Ans. Jet stream are a narrow belt of high altitude (above 12,000 m) westerly winds in the troposphere. Their speed varies from about 110 km/h in summer to about 184 km/h in winter.

Q11. What is Inter Tropical Convergence Zone?

Ans. The Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ,) is a broad trough of low pressure in equatorial latitudes. This is where the northeast and the southeast trade winds converge.

Q12. What is meant by ‘pressure differences were negative”?

Ans. It mean below average and late monsoons.

Q13. What is El-Nino?

Ans. El Nino is a feature connected to Southern Oscillation. it is the phenomenon in which a warm ocean current that flows past the Peruvian Coast, in place of the cold Peruvian current, every 2 to 5 years.

Q14. Which region of India does not have a well defined cold season?

Ans. The Peninsular region

Q15. What is a a striking feature of the hot weather season?.

Ans. “Loo”

Q16. Which area receives the highest average rainfall in the world?

Ans. Mawsynram

Q17. What is the most important factor in thunderstorms development?

Ans. Atmospheric stability

Q18. What is the highest wind velocity?

Ans. Tornado

Q19 What is tool to measure the wind speed?

Ans. Anemometer

Q20 What is temperature?

Ans. Temperature is a measure of the internal thermal energy state of a substance.


Short/Long Answer Type Questions(3/5 marks)

Q1. What are the reasons behind the variety in lives of people – in terms of the food, clothes and houses?


  • variation in temperature
  • variation in atmospheric pressure
  • variation in wind
  • variation in humidity
  • variation in precipitation

Q2. Describe the major controls of the climate?

Ans. There are six major controls of the climate of any place. They are:

  • Latitude,
  • Altitude,
  • Pressure and wind system,d. Distance from the sea
  • Ocean currents
  • Relief features

Q3. Discuss the role of earth’s curvature in influencing climatic condition of a place.


  • The amount of solar energy received varies according to latitude.
  • Air temperature generally decreases from the equator towards the poles
  • Atmosphere becomes less dense and temperature decreases.

Q4. What are the factors affecting climate of the india?


  • Latitude
  • Altitude
  • Pressure and Winds

Q5. “The pressure and wind conditions over India are unique.” Elaborate.


  • During winter: High-pressure area north of the Himalayas, Cold dry winds blow from this region to the low-pressure areas over the oceans to the south.
  • In summer: A low-pressure area develops over interior Asia as well as over northwestern India. This causes a complete reversal of the direction of winds during summer.

Q6. How many seasons are experienced in the India?

Ans. Four main seasons can be identified in India –

  • the cold weather season- December to February
  • the hot weather season- March to May
  • the advancing monsoon- July to Mid September
  • the retreating monsoon- Mid September to November

Q7. Analyse the role of Himalayas in influencing the climate of India.


  • Himalayas effectively intercept the summer monsoons coming from the Bay of Bengal and Arabian sea and cause precipitation in form of rain or snow
  • Himalayas prevent the cold continental air masses of central asia form entering to india
  • Himalayas are responsible for splitting the jet stream in to two branches.

Q8. Discuss the conditions of retreating monsoon.


  • Retreating monsoon is the period of transition
  • during transition low pressure of the north-west shifts to the Bay of Bengal
  • formation of cyclones over the Bay of Bengal

Q9. ‘In spite of abundant rainfall, India is a water thirsty land’. Why is it so?


  • occurrence of rainfall in a few months
  • rapid run off and the quick evaporation of rainwater
  • long breaks and delays in the monsoon

Q10. Why does western parts of Rajasthan enjoy desert climate? Give reasons.


  • during monsoon pass, thar desert become warmer and increase their capacity to hold moisture instead of shedding moisture.
  • Aravalli hills fall parallel to the Arabian sea and they do not act as barrier.

Q11. Why are the great variations in the climate of the India?

Ans. The Indian climate is controlled by the following factors:

  • Situation
  • Relief
  • Surface winds
  • Upper current

Q12. Describe the three main characteristics of the monsoon.


  • Seasonal reversal of direction in the winds system.
  • Seasonal heavy rainfall and drought.
  • It unites the whole sub continent in a single climate thread of monsoon.

We hope that Class 9 Social Science Chapter 4 (Climate) Important Questions in English helped you. If you have any queries about Class 9 Social Science Chapter 4 (Climate) Important Questions in English or about any other notes of Class 9 Social Science in English, so you can comment below. We will reach you as soon as possible…

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