People as Resource (CH-2) Important Questions in English || Class 9 Social Science (Economics) Chapter 2 in English ||

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Chapter – 2

People as Resource

In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 9 Social Science Chapter 2 (People as Resource) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in Class 9 exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 9
SubjectSocial Science
Chapter no.Chapter 2
Chapter Name(People as Resource)
CategoryClass 9 Social Science Important Questions in English
Class 9 Social Science Chapter 2 People as Resource Important Questions in English

1 Mark Questions

Q1. Sarva Siksha Abhiyan is started for which age group?

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Ans. 6-14 years of age group.

Q2. Who are educated unemployed?

Ans. Those people who do not get employment according to their academic qualification or are working below its skill are called educated unemployed.

Q3. List any two activities associated with primary sector.

Ans. agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fishing, poultry, farming, mining.

Q4. In which resource Japan has invested much?

Ans. Human resource

Q5. Name two factors on which the quality of population depends.

Ans. Literacy rate and Life Expectancy.

Q6. What steps have been taken by the state and local self government to ensure compulsory primary education?

Ans. Sarva Siksha Abhiyan

Q7. What step is taken to increase the admission intake in Primary education?

Ans. RTE, Mid Day Meal scheme, Bridge course etc.

Q8. What is G.N.P stand for?

Ans. Gross National Product.

Q9. What is the aim of Mid Day Meal scheme in schools?

Ans. To improve attendance and nutritional level of students.

Q10. What are non market activities?

Ans. Those activities which are done for self consumption is called non-market activity.

3/5 Mark Questions

Q1. How Primary sector is different from secondary sector?


  • Primary sector activity is related directly with natural resources but secondary sector activity is related to the products of primary sector.
  • Primary sector extracts natural resources but secondary sector processes natural resources to finished or semi finished goods.
  • Examples of primary sector are agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry where as examples of secondary sector are textile industry, iron and steel industry, sugar industry, paper industry.

Q2. How education helps in the formation of Human Capital?


  • Through education a person has all round development by which he could master the knowledge and skill.
  • It makes a person suitable to perform a nice job and got respectable salary.
  • It opens new avenues of opportunities.

Q3. Does health also affect in the formation of human capital like education? Explain.


  • Like education health is also an important factor in the development of human capital.
  • Only a healthy person will give his optimum performance in the production and will help in the development of economy
  • An unhealthy person will be a liability for the organisation and will be waste as human resource.

Q4. Write a short note on Sarva Siksha Abhiyan?


  • Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA) is Government of India’s flagship programme foe achievement of Universalization of Elementary Education(UEE) in a time bound manner.
  • It was started in 2001 by Atal Bihari Vajpayee government after modifying existing scheme like district Primary Education Programme (DPEP)
  • The programme got legal backing after 86″ constitutional amendment, which made free and compulsory elementary education to the children of 6-14 years of age, a fundamental Right on 4″ August 2009 and come into force from 1″ April 2010.

Q5. What is the meaning of Human capital formation?


  • When the existing human resource is further developed by spending on making the workforce more educated and healthy, it is called human capital formation.
  • Like physical capital It increases the productivity of a country

Q6. What are the aims of National policy on Employment?


  • to lay more emphasis on under privilege class of society.
  • to improve family welfare programmes and health services for them in urban as well as rural areas,
  • to make nutritional services accessible to all section of society,
  • Universalization of elementary education, opening of Navodaya schools in rural areas for meritorious students.
  • to make the population more efficient by making them skilled through various vocational as well as technical education.

Q7. Distinguish between market and non market activities.


Market Activities

  • They are done for enumeration or pay.
  • Production of goods and services is for market
  • It is driven by Market forces.
  • Eg. Doctor, engineer, rickshaw puller, etc.

Non-Market Activities

  • They are done for self-pleasure.
  • Production is mainly for self consumption so mainly processing of primary goods.
  • Has little or no effect of Market forces.
  • Kitchen garden, gardening, etc.

Q8. Who are said to be unemployed? Explain different types of unemployment with suitable example.

Ans. When people in the age group of 15-59 years are willing to work at the prevailing wage rates but cannot find work, then he/she is said to be unemployed.

Different types of unemployment are:-

  • Seasonal unemployment
  • Disguised unemployment
  • Urban unemployment

Q9. Why are domestic services of house-women not treated as economic activities?

Ans. In india, most women generally look after domestic affairs like cooking of food, washing of clothes, cleaning of utensils, looking after children, etc. They are not treated as economic / productive activities.

This is mainly because of two reasons:

  • Such activities are performed out of love and affection and hence their valuation is not possible.
  • They do not add to the flow of goods and services in the economy.

Q10. Why is human resource the most important resource? What steps can be taken to improve the quality of human resource?

Ans. Existing ‘human resource’ is further developed by becoming more educated and healthy, which adds to the productive power of the country just like ‘physical capital formation’, So, human resource is the most important resource. Steps to be taken to improve quality of human resource:

  • Quality of human resource can be improved through better education, food and healthcare facilities.
  • The quality of population depends upon the literacy rate, health of a person indicated by life expectancy and skill formation acquired by the people of the country.

Q11. How does unemployment have a detrimental impact on the overall growth of an economy?


  • Wastage of manpower resource: In case of unemployment, manpower who is an asset for an economy turns into liability because utilisation of manpower becomes nil.
  • Economic overload: Unemployment tends to increase economic overload because dependence of unemployed on the working population increases. So the quality of life is adversely affected.
  • Unemployment leads to social waste: Inability of educated people who are willing to work to find gainful employment implies a great social waste. Increase in unemployment in an indicator of a depressed economy

Q12. “Unemployment is an economic as well as a social evil.” Explain the statement.


  • Today, unemployment is considered one of the most threatening problems before the country.
  • The society is deprived of the goods and services that the unemployed people could have produced.
  • Unemployment among the educated persons is more serious. This is due to investments made in them.
  • Unemployment is not only an economic evil, it is a social problem too as it spreads social unrest and tension as unemployed people are a frustrated class of the society.

Q13. Suggest five steps to remove unemployment from the society?


  • Improved quality of education along with its Universalization
  • Imparting Vocational or skill education through curriculum.
  • Opening opportunities of self-employment in the form of small scale manufacturing units.
  • Financial assistance as well as incentive to start new avenues to the skilled
  • Ensuring percolation of existing government scheme to the needy one.

Q14. How human capital is superior to other resources? Explain.


  • No other resource can utilises itself as human do.
  • All the precious minerals and other resources will lie idle until human will extract them.
  • By its intellect and skill human can transform any resource for its utilisation.
  • Only human can invent unseen resources from the existing one
  • We have the example of Japan where there is an acute shortage of natural resources but due to its superior human resource it is one of the most advance country of the world.

Q15. How the employability in any sector indicates the economic growth of country?


  • There is a close relationship between the employability in a sector with the developmental level of a country.
  • if majority of population of a country is involved in primary sector that means it is underdeveloped as it doesn’t have technology or lacks capital to convert natural resources for mass consumption.
  • if maximum workforce is involved in secondary sector i.e manufacturing It will be a developing Country as it has capital to manufacture but consumption level is still low or per capita income is Moderate,
  • Again if majority of employability is in tertiary force i.e service sector, it means country is developed. It is because consumption is high due to high per capita income. Due to which transportation of goods, through road, rail or even airways has flourished. More over banking facility will only sustain when there will be surplus income for the people.

We hope that Class 9 Social Science Chapter 2 (People as Resource) Important Questions in English helped you. If you have any queries about Class 9 Social Science Chapter 2 (People as Resource) Important Questions in English or about any other notes of Class 9 Social Science in English, so you can comment below. We will reach you as soon as possible…

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