Challenges of Nation Building (CH-1) Important Questions in English || Class 12 Political Science Chapter 1 in English ||

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Chapter – 1

Challenges of Nation Building

In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 12 Political Science Chapter 1 (Challenges of Nation Building) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in class 12 board exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 12
SubjectPolitical Science
Chapter no.Chapter 1
Chapter Name(Challenges of Nation Building)
CategoryClass 12 Political Science Important Questions in English
Class 12 Political Science Chapter 1 Challenges of Nation Building Important Questions in English

Chapter 1 Challenges of Nation Building

One Marker Questions:-

Q1. Who delivered the speech “Tryst with destiny”?

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Ans. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.

Q2. Who was the first Chief Election Commissioner of India?

Ans. Sukumar Sen.

Q3. Who is known as Frontier Gandhi?

Ans. Abdul Ghaffar Khan.

Q4. At the time of freedom, the number of Princely states in India was______  

Ans. Approx…565

Q5. When was the State Reorganization Commission constituted ?

  • 1947
  • 1950
  • 1953
  • 1957

Ans. c) 1953

Q6. Who is known as Iron Man of India ?

Ans. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

Q7. Choose True or False for the given statement. Statue of Unity is located in Rajasthan.

Ans. False

Two Marker questions:-

Q1. What was two nation theory?

Ans. Theory of two separate nations one for Hindus(INDIA) and one for Muslims (Pakistan).

Q2. What was the Instrument of Accession?

Ans. A legal document signed by princely states to join with India.

Q3. Who was Maharaja BodhChandra Singh?

Ans. Maharaja of Manipur.

Q4. Who was the first Indian Governor General of independent India? Also, name the political party formed by him.

Ans. C Rajagopalachari, formed (Swatantra Party 1959).

Q5. What was the basis of the report of the States Reorganization Commission?

Ans. Accepted that the Boundaries of states boundaries of different languages.

Four Marker Qquestion:-

Q1. Write reasons responsible for the partition of India.

Ans. The partition of India was the most notable event that had occurred in Indian history. Its main reason was the thinking of the Muslims and their communalism. But the circumstances under which it happened made it one of the saddest events in the Indian history.
The three causes that lead to the partition of India are:

1. Activities of the Muslim League: In the formation of the Muslim League, the English Govt played a significant role. The Britishers wanted to create opinion differences among the people of India in order to strengthen their own position.

  • The main objective of the Muslim League was to spread communalism and the Muslim leaders had their own axe to grind through the medium of this organisation.
  • In the beginning, the Muslim League failed to be an influential organisation due to its narrow and negative approach. Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s two-nation theory was actually a slogan for the formation of a separate nation for the Indian Muslims.

2. Communal Reaction: Hindu communalism also came into existence as a result of Muslim communalism. The staunch Hindus formed several organisations like the Hindu Maha Sabha.
The Arya Samaj adopted the system of Shuddic which created doubt in the minds of the Muslims. Hindu Maha Sabha not only blamed the congress for being an anti- Hindu organisation but also raised a slogan for the establishment of this nation. As a result of the Hindu communalism, the Muslim communalism grew all the more powerful and raised the slogan for the creation of a separate nation.

3. Congress policy of strengthening India: According to the Congress, the only way to get rid of this problem was the partition of India and it accepted the partition formula laid in the 3rd June Plan of Lord Mountbatten.

Q2. Write the consequences of partition of India in 1947.


  • Transfer of population
  • Problem with minorities on both side
  • Exploitation of women and children
  • Division of properties

Q3. What were the major differences between the challenge of nation building for eastern and western regions of the country at the time of Independence.

Ans. Following were the challenges of nation building for eastern and western regions of the country:

  • Both western and eastern regions of the country were Muslim majority provinces, which could not be joined together. So, the state of Pakistan would comprise East and West Pakistan, which was to be separated by the long geographical expanse of India.
  • The domination of Urdu language over East Pakistan, which Bengali Muslims in East Pakistan referred to as the cultural domination, brought discontentment in the eastern region. Moreover, it was difficult to manage and administer two separate territories.

Q4. Name the original states from which the following states were carved out.

  • Haryana
  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Uttarakhand
  • Jharkhand


  • Haryana (PUNJAB)
  • Himachal Pradesh (PUNJAB)
  • ttarakahnd(UTTAR PRADESH)
  • Jharkhand(Bihar)

Five Marker Questions

Q1. In the political outline of India given below five states have been marked as A. B. C. D and E. Identify these states / Union Territoryon the basis of information given below and write their correct names in your answer book along with the respective serial number of the information used and the concerned alphabet in the map as per the following format.


S. No. Of the information used

Concerned alphabet

Name of the state

















1) Sardar Patel’s home state.

2) State related to Potti Sriramulu.

3) State ruled by Bodhchandra Singh.

4) Union Territory from which Article 370 was withdrawn.

5) State which was affected by the India- Pakistan Partition in 1947.


S. No. Of the information used

Concerned alphabet

Name of the state






Andhra Pradesh






Jammu Kashmir





Six Marker Questions:-

Q1. What were the three major challenges of nation building?


  • Shape of the nation as united(unity)
  • Establish democracy
  • Ensure the development and well being

Q2. Explain the important role played by Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel in the unification of princely states in India?

Ans. Sardar Patel did unforgettable work in context to the integration of princely states in the union of Indian Republic, merger of 562 princely states in Indian union could be possible only by virtue of his political understanding, diplomacy and political ability. By achieving this, he preserved Indian unity and integrity. He is compared with the chancellor Bismarck of Germany. -What Bismarck did for unification and integration of Germany through his Iron and Blood policy, Sardar Patel performed the same with his understanding and diplomacy. That is why, he is called the Iron Man of India .

Q3. Write a note on the State Reorganization Commission and its major recommendations ?

Ans. He States Reorganisation Commission (SRC) was constituted in 1953 to go into this problem and to recommend the principles and broad guidelines on which the States can be reorganised. The Commission submitted its report in September 1955. It recommended the creation of linguistic States, at least for the major linguistic groups. In 1956, the reorganisation of some States took place. This saw the beginning of the creation of linguistic states and the process is still continuing.

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