Population Composition (Ch-3) Important Questions || Class 12 Geography Book 1 Chapter 3 in English ||

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Chapter – 3

Population Composition

In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 12 Geography Chapter 3 (Population Composition) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in class 12 board exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 12
Chapter no.Chapter 3
Chapter Name(Population Composition)
CategoryClass 12 Geography Important Questions in English
Class 12 Geography Chapter 3 Population Composition Important Questions in English

Chapter -3, (Population Composition)

1 Mark Questions

Q1 Such areas are those where the practice of female feticide, female infanticide, and domestic violence against women is prevalent, the Sex-Ratio for women are

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(a) Unfavorable

(b) Favorable

(c) Attractive

(d) Encouraging

Q2 Females have a biological advantage over males as they tend to be more resilient than males, which means that

(a) To adapt to acute stress

(b) Cope up from adversity

(c) Able to face traumas

(d) All

Q3 What is the average Number of males per hundred (100) females in the world?

(a) 102

(b) 110

(c) 120

(d) 130

Q4 Find the Correct Group of Countries of Highest and Lowest Sex-Ratio.

(a) Sudan-Nigeria

(b) India-China

(c) Latvia-Qatar

(d) Germany-Tunisia

Q5 Find the odd one out in the Population-Pyramid of expanding population

(a) Triangular shape with a wide base

(b) Max Population in the lower age

(c) Find in developed countries

(d) High birth rate

3 Marks Questions

Q1 Give reasons for unfavorable sex ratio in the world.


  • In some countries, the sex ratio is uneven as there is a preference attached to having a son.
  • The pressure of having a boy child is more prevalent in countries of East Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa.
  • Post-natal discrimination and lack of medical facilities lead to deterioration of health and nutrition resulting in high female mortality.
  • Several surveys conducted show that the lack of medical facilities leads to an unfavorable sex ratio. This is especially in the case of societies where health care must be borne by the family.

Q2. List the factors influencing the literacy ratio.

Ans: Factors influencing the literacy ratio are:

  • Level of economic development
  • Industrialisation process
  • Level of Urbanization
  • Status of women in the society
  • Availability of educational facilities.

5 Marks Questions

Q1 Describe the important features of different Age-Sex Pyramid.

Ans: Expanding Population Pyramid-The age-sex pyramid is a triangular-shaped pyramid with a wide base and is typical of less developed countries.

These have larger populations in lower age groups due to high birth rates. Examples are Nigeria, Bangladesh, and Mexico.


  • Constant Population Pyramid
  • Age-sex pyramid is bell-shaped.
  • Tapered towards the top.
  • This shows birth and death rates are almost equal leading to a near-constant population.
  • Australia is a very good example.

  • Declining Population Pyramid:
  • The pyramid has a narrow base and a tapered top.
  • It is showing low birth and death rates.
  • The population growth in developed countries is usually zero or negative.
  • Japan, Russia, etc. are examples.

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