Infrastructure (Ch-8) Important Questions || Class 12 Economics (Indian Economic Development) Book 2 Chapter 8 in English ||

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Chapter – 8


In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 12 Economics Chapter 8 (Infrastructure) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in class 12 board exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 12
Chapter no.Chapter 8
Chapter Name(Infrastructure)
CategoryClass 12 Economics Important Questions in English
Class 12 Economics Chapter 8 Infrastructure Important Questions in English

Chapter 8 Infrastructure

Answer in one word or in a sentence.

Q1 What is global burden of diseases?

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Ans: an indicator used by experts to gauge the number of people dying prematurely due to particular disease and the number of years spent by them in state of disability.

Q2 What is morbidity?

Ans: The state of being ill or unhealthy for a disease.

Q3 What is infant mortality rate?

Ans: The number of infant deaths for every 1000 live births.

Q4 What is infrastructure?

Ans: It is the basic physical and organisational structures and facilities needed for the operation of a society.

Q5 What is the full form of AYUSH?

Ans: Ayurveda, yoga and naturopathy, unani, siddha and hameopathy

Answer the following question.

Q1 What is three-tier system of health infrastructure in India?

Ans: The three tier system include:

  • primary health care centre- it is also called essential health care of India. it include health and wellness centres
  • secondary health care centre- it serves as the first referral unit in health system. It includes district hospitals
  • tertiary level health care system- it includes hospitals with advanced equipments and medicines.

Q2 Explain the Indian system of medicine.

Ans: The system of medicine which are considered to be Indian in origin or the system of medicine which has come to India from outside and got assimilated into Indian culture is known as Indian systems of medicine. India has a unique distinction of having six recognized system of medicine. They are – Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Yoga, Naturopathy and homeopathy.

Q3 Explain economic and social infrastructure. OR Differentiate between economic and social infrastructure.


Social infrastructure

  • It helps the economic system indirectly
  • It improves the quality of human resource
  • Ex: health, education

Economics infrastructure

  • It helps the economic system directly
  • It improves the quality of economic resource
  • Ex: energy, transport.

Q4 Write a short note on medical tourism in India.

Ans: medical tourism is a growing sector in India. many foreign nationals visit India for surgeries, transplants, dental and other health care. India offers latest medical technologies with qualified professionals at a lesser cost compared to similar health care services in other countries

Long answer question.

Q1 Explain the two categories into which infrastructure are divided. How are both interdependent?

Ans: economic and social infrastructure.

Economic infrastructure improves the quality of economic resources and raise production (energy, transport, communication etc). Social infrastructure helps to attain this through education, health etc.

Q2 Infrastructure contributes to the economic development of a country. Do you agree? Explain

Ans: Yes. It raises productivity, induces investment, raises size of market, and facilitates outsourcing and employment etc. (explain the points)

Q3 How can we increase the effectiveness of health care programmes?

Ans: Education on health and hygiene, efficient health infrastructure, private- public partnership to improve quality and affordability etc. (explain the points)

Q4 What are the drawbacks or challenges of our health care system?

Ans: High Global Burden Of Disease, poor state of primary health care centres, communicable disease, rising health care costs, staffing shortages, service quality etc

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