Rights in the Indian Constitution (CH-2) Important Questions in English || Class 11 Political Science Chapter 2 in English ||

Share Now on

Chapter – 2

Rights in the Indian Constitution

In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 11 Political Science Chapter 2 (Rights in the Indian Constitution) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in class 11 board exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 11
SubjectPolitical Science
Chapter no.Chapter 2
Chapter Name(Rights in the Indian Constitution)
CategoryClass 11 Political Science Important Questions in English
Class 11 Political Science Chapter 2 Rights in the Indian Constitution Important Questions in English

Chapter 2 Rights in the Indian Constitution

One Mark Questions

Q1. Fundamental rights have been provided in …………………… of the Indian Constitution.

Criss Cross Classes BookPrinted Books Are Available Now!

Ans. Part Three.

Q2. Indian constitution describes six ……………… rights.

Ans. Fundamental rights.

Q3. …………………….. has described the constitutional remedies given in Article 32 as the soul and heart of the Constitution. Dr. BR Ambedkar.

Ans. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar.

Q4. Articles 29 to 30 describe ……………………. .

Ans. Culture and education rights.

Q5. …………… The right to education has been made a fundamental right by constitutional amendment.

Ans. 86th Constitution Amendment I

Q6. What is meant by declaration of rights?

Ans. The list of rights conferred and protected by the Constitution is called the Declaration of Rights.

Q7. Freedom fighter Pandit Motilal Nehru demanded a declaration of the rights of Indians to the British in 1928, by what name is he known?

Ans. Motilal Nehru Committee.

Q8. What is a common right?

Ans. Such rights which are enforced with the help of general laws are called general rights.

Q9. What is meant by Fundamental Rights?

Ans. Rights that are the cornerstone of the development of a person. Which are listed in the constitution and which special provisions are made to implement them.

Q10. Which country’s constitution is given the most extensive rights in the world?

Ans. By constitution of the country of South Africa.

Q11. What is preventive detention?

Ans. Arresting a person on the basis of apprehension that he is going to do something illegal is called preventive detention.

Q12. What is an Induction Writ?

Ans. Induction writ means to inform us. In this, the lower court is ordered to give details of a particular case to a higher or higher court.

Q13. What does “God” mean?

Ans. The mandate means “we order” such order is given to a lower court or a person to do his duty.

Q14. What do you understand by “right to inquire”?

Ans. “Rights Inquiry” is an order issued against a person who has wrongly acquired a position.

Q15. Under what circumstances can fundamental rights be suspended?

Ans. If emergency is imposed in a country, then in that case fundamental rights can be suspended.

Two Marks Questions:-

Q1. Why are the six fundamental rights mentioned in the Indian Constitution given the title of fundamental?

Ans. This right is a symbol of values and principles that have been in place for years. Through this, all round development of a person occurs.

Q2. Under what circumstances can fundamental rights be suspended?

Ans. Fundamental rights, especially Article 19, can be suspended at the time of an emergency.

Q3. What does freedom of speech and expression mean?

Ans. It means that people write their thoughts in words, get printed by the press, through photographs or through any other means.

Q4. What do you understand by bonded labor?

Ans. Landlords, moneylenders and other rich people get the poor from generation to generation. Now it has been declared a crime.

Q5. What is Habeas Corpus?

Ans. The order of an arrested person by the court to appear before the court / judge is called habeas corpus.

Q6. Which two provisions are there under the Right against Exploitation?

Ans. Article-23 places a positive responsibility on the state to impose restrictions on the trade of persons, and forced labor and bonded labor.

Q7. Write two importance of Fundamental Rights.


  • Important for all round development of citizens.
  • is the basis of Indian democracy.

Q8. What are the legal rights?

Ans. Legal rights are those rights, which are listed in the constitution of a country.

Q9. Is the Directive Principle of Justice relevant?

Ans. No, Directive Principles of Policy are not justified. You cannot go to court for violation of these.

Q10. Write the difference between the Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles.

Ans. Inter-

  • Fundamental Rights are justified. The Directive Principles of Policy are not just.
  • The nature of fundamental rights is prohibitive. While the nature of Directive Principles is positive.

Q11. Which right was at the center of the dispute between the Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of Policy?

Ans. Right to property, which was removed from the list of Fundamental Rights by the 44th Constitution Amendment.

Q12. Why is Article 21 important in the Indian Constitution?

Ans. Article 21 in the Indian Constitution is important because the right to education has been given the status of fundamental right by Article 21 (a). Under this, children of 6 to 14 years will be given free and compulsory education.

Four Marks Questions:-

Q1. Why do we need Fundamental Rights?

Ans. Fundamental rights are essential for the basic development of the person, all-round development. Fundamental rights provide support in bringing equality, freedom, fraternity, economic, social development in the society.

Q2. By which amendment to the Indian Constitution, fundamental duties were added? Describe any three duties.

Ans. In 1976, through the 42nd Constitution Amendment, protect the country, increase brotherhood in the country, protect the environment and respect the Constitution.

Q3. Write a comment on the National Human Rights Commission.

Ans. Constitution of National Human Rights Commission in 2000. Member – One former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, one former High Court Chief Justice and 2 members having knowledge or practical experience in relation to human rights. Work – Listening to complaints. Investigate and provide relief to the victim.

Q4. Write four features of fundamental rights mentioned in our constitution.

Ans. Characteristics of Fundamental Rights- (i) Extensive and Comprehensive- I (ii) Fundamental Rights as described in 24 Sections of Part 3 of the Constitution. (iii) Fundamental rights for all without discrimination. It may seem. (iv) Fundamental rights are justified – violations of fundamental rights can go to court.

Q5. Explain any four of the freedoms described in Article 19.

Ans. Article 19

  • Freedom of speech and expression.
  • Freedom to form associations and unions.
  • Freedom to reside.
  • Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India.
  • Freedom to assemble peacefully & without arms.

Q6. What is the Directive Principle of Policy? Write their three main things.

Ans. Apart from fundamental rights, some guidelines to promote social and economic justice and upliftment of the state are known as “Directive Principles of State Policy”. Moral power works behind these elements.

Three main things:-

  • The goals and objectives that we as a society should accept.
  • Rights which citizens should get besides fundamental rights.
  • Policies that the government should accept.

Five Marks Questions:-

Q1. Study the given picture / cartoon carefully and write the answers to the following questions

(i) Whose picture is the above?

Ans. This picture is of Sardar Hukum Singh. He was a great freedom fighter, non-violent patriot.

(ii) What was his contribution in framing the Constitution?

Ans. He was an active member of the Constituent Assembly. He had actively participated in the Constituent Assembly as a member with a positive attitude.

(iii) What were his views about the minorities. Write.

Ans. Sardar Hukum Singh was the protector of the interests of the minorities, he said that it is the responsibility of the minorities to understand the country as their homeland and become nationalist, they raised the demand for the protection of the language, religion and script of the minorities.

Six Marks Questions:-

Q1. Describe the fundamental rights enshrined in the Indian Constitution.

Ans. Fundamental rights –

  • Equality,
  • Freedom,
  • Right against exploitation,
  • Right to religious freedom,
  • Right to education and culture,
  • Right to constitutional remedies.

Q2. Explain the right to equality under the following points:

(A) Equality before law.

(B) Prohibition of discrimination (denial).

(C) Equality of opportunity in employment (jobs).


  • Poor and rich are equal in terms of law. Sections of law apply equally to everyone.
  • Prohibition of discrimination on the basis of color, caste, creed, region.
  • Opportunities in employment (jobs) – same qualification, opportunities to sit in the same exam (opportunities).

Q3. Right to religious freedom is considered a symbol or basis of democracy. Prove the appropriate statement as with logic.

Ans. Every citizen is important in a democratic country. He has the freedom to believe, vote, think. Every person is important in a democracy. Therefore, this right is called a symbol of democracy.

  • To believe in any religion or Freedom to propagate
  • Sarvajan Hitay – Freedom to form religious communities
  • Freedom to pay “taxes” for specific religions.
  • Restrictions on religious education in government schools, colleges.

Q4. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar has called which authority the “heart and soul of the Constitution”. Under this, explain the special orders (writs) issued by the court.

Ans. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar has called the right to constitutional remedies the heart and soul of the constitution. Writs:-

  • Habeas Corpus
  • Mandamus
  • Prohibition
  • Certiorari
  • Quo-warranto

Q5. Explain in detail the objectives and policies of Directive Principles.

Ans. Objective – Welfare, social and economic justice of the people.

  • Raising the standard of living, equitable distribution of resources.
  • Promote international peace.

Policies – Uniform civil code, prohibition of alcohol consumption, promotion of domestic industries, protect and improve the environment, promotion of gram panchayats.

Q6. Explain the difference between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy.


  • Fundamental rights are justifiable. Directive principles are nonjustifiable.
  • Fundamental rights are negative in nature while the directive principle of state policy is positive.
  • Fundamental rights belong to the individual while the directive principles relate to the society.
  • The scope of fundamental rights is limited. The scope of directive principles of policy is wide.
  • Fundamental right is political democracy. Directive principles of state policy is economic democracy, etc.
  • Fundamental rights have been obtained. Directive elements of policy have to be implemented.

We hope that Class 11 Political Science Chapter 2 (Rights in the Indian Constitution) Important Questions in English helped you. If you have any queries about class 11 Political Science Chapter 2 (Rights in the Indian Constitution) Important Questions in English or about any other notes of class 11 Political Science in English, so you can comment below. We will reach you as soon as possible…

Share Now on

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *