The Philosophy of the Constitution (CH-10) Important Questions in English || Class 11 Political Science Chapter 10 in English ||

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Chapter – 10

The Philosophy of the Constitution

In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 11 Political Science Chapter 10 (The Philosophy of the Constitution) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in class 11 board exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 11
SubjectPolitical Science
Chapter no.Chapter 10
Chapter Name(The Philosophy of the Constitution)
CategoryClass 11 Political Science Important Questions in English
Class 11 Political Science Chapter 10 The Philosophy of the Constitution Important Questions in English

Chapter 10 Political Philosophy of the Constitution

1 and 2 Marks Questions:

Question 1 What is the need of political philosophy for the constitution?
Answer: Constitution is not only a framework of government but also an instrument of socio-economic change for which it needs direction and that direction is provided by political philosophy. This is why we need a political philosophy for every constitution. It is the political philosophy that shows the way and helps the society and the government to set objectives and values.

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Question 2. What is the importance of political philosophy for the constitution?
Answer: Political philosophy of the Constitution is needed not only to locate the moral content expressed in it and to evaluate its claims, but also to use it to mediate between possibly divergent interpretations of the many core values ​​in our polity. is for Every constitution of the world has philosophical content and basis to take the society in the desired direction.

Question 3. Discuss the constitution as an intermediary?
Answer: Constitution is the product of the principle of constitutionalism which stands to check the arbitrariness of the ruler and it facilitates the rule of reason and rational deliberation. It is widely accepted that the reason we have a constitution is the need to restrict the use of irrational and arbitrary power.

Question 4. Discuss the Constitution as an instrument of social change.
Answer: The Constitution provides a peaceful, democratic means to bring about social and economic change. It has a philosophical backing which determines the direction and objectives of the society.

Question 5. How was the Constituent Assembly formed?
Answer: The demand for a Constituent Assembly was raised during the National Movement. It was a collective demand for self-determination. He argued that only a Constituent Assembly of the elected representatives of the Indian people had the right to frame the Constitution of India. It was established or as per the Cabinet Mission Plan 1946. Most of the members were indirectly elected and others were nominated from different sections of the society.

Question 6. Was the Constituent Assembly a sovereign body?
Answer: In a technical sense, the Constituent Assembly was not sovereign as it was set up according to the terms and conditions laid down by the British government and the constitution would be approved by the British government before it could be implemented. But we can call it a Constituent Assembly which was represented only by Indians and there was no interference from the British Government. It was adopted and implemented on behalf of the people of India.

Question 7. What is the Preamble of the Indian Constitution?
Answer: The preamble of the constitution is the introductory part of the constitution which contains the terms of government, social, economic and religious system. It also includes the philosophy of the constitution and the values ​​and direction and objectives of the constitution.

Question 8. What is liberalism?
Answer: Liberalism is one of the main philosophical content of the Indian Constitution. It seeks to free Indian society from the shackles of social and economic backwardness and to lead it into the realm of freedom, equality and justice.

Question 9. What is the main content of the political philosophy of the Constitution?
Answer: The main contents of the political philosophy of the Indian Constitution are as follows.

  • liberalism
  • egalitarianism
  • Social justice
  • secularism
  • federalism

Question 10. What do you understand by liberalism?
Answer: Liberalism means discovery and decision by rational thinking, discussion and debate. The liberalism of the Indian Constitution is different from Western liberalism in many ways. Indian liberalism seeks to achieve the goal of social justice for the Indian society through securing the fundamental rights of equality and liberty and provision of reservation of seats.

Question 11. What is a federation?
Answer: Since Indian society is plural, it needs a federal polity and economy. Federation stands for decentralization. India is a multilingual federation. All the major linguistic groups are politically recognized and all are treated as equals. A federation is a group of similar units with decentralized powers.

Question 12. What is secularism?
Answer: Secularism is an important philosophical and idealistic content of Indian society and polity. It is a positive concept that does not rest on the complete separation of state and religion. It allows the state to positively intervene in religious matters.

Question 13. What is national integration?
Answer: National Integration is the philosophy as well as the objectives of the Indian Constitution which are mentioned in the Indian Constitution. It has been the fundamental duty of every citizen of India to protect the national unity and avoid it and not harm it in any way. National integration means emotional, psychological and intellectual integration of the people of India and not allowing caste, colour, gender and status, and region to stand in its way.

Question 14. What do you understand by individual and dignity?
Answer: Individual liberty and dignity of men are two important values ​​of the Indian Constitution. Which are based on liberal political philosophy. Indian constitution is committed to individual liberty and dignity of men which is mentioned in the preamble of the constitution. It is the result of continuous intellectual discussion and debate. Dignity of man means respect for human personality and human feelings. The state should be responsive to the needs of the people. For this, freedom of expression is an integral part of the constitution.

Question 15. On what basis is the Constitution of India criticized?
Answer: Indian Constitution is criticized on the following grounds:

  • It was written by a Constituent Assembly that was not representative.
  • Constituent Assembly was not sovereign
  • The decision making process was faulty.
  • Constitutional provisions have been borrowed from different countries.

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