Training In Sports (CH-11) Important Questions in English || Class 11 Physical Education Chapter 11 in English ||

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Chapter – 11

Training In Sports

In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 11 Physical Education Chapter 11 (Training In Sports) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in class 11 board exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 11
SubjectPhysical Education
Chapter no.Chapter 11
Chapter Name(Training In Sports)
CategoryClass 11 Physical Education Important Questions in English
Class 11 Physical Education Chapter 11 Training In Sports Important Questions in English

Very Short Questions 1 Mark 

Q.1 What should be kept in mind while selecting a method of training?
Ans. Selection of a method of training has to take into account the specifics objectives of training:-

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  • Strength
  • Endurance
  • Speed
  • Agility
  • Flexibility

Q.2 What do you mean by warming up?
Ans. Worming-up is a primarily preparatory activity in which through physiological preparation, an athlete adjusts himself for the fulfillment of the main activity.

Q.3 What do you mean by Technique?
Ans. The technique is a scientific and economic method adopted to attain superior performance. It is a motor procedure for tackling a motor task. It is the most effective form to perform the exercise.

Q.4 What do you mean by Adaptation?
Ans. It is the way the body programs muscle to remember particular activities, movements, or skills. By repeating that skill or activity, the body adapts to the stress and the skill becomes easier to perform.

Q.5 What do you understand by specific warming-up?
Ans. This type of worming up includes some special set of exercises which have a direct relation with the activity to be carried out. These special exercises are done along with the activities of general warming up.

Short Questions 3 Marks 

Q.1 What is meant by limbering down? Explain the beneficial effects of limbering down.
Ans. Limbering down means lowering the intensity of the work by performing the stretching exercise followed by deep breathing, relaxation exercise is called cooling down.

Beneficial effects of limbering down.
When we exercise there is a lot of blood flow in our muscles if we stop suddenly there may be a pooling of blood in the extremities and causing giddiness and sometimes collapse. Limbering down exercise prevents post-exercise soreness and stiffness.

Q.2 What are the Physiological reasons in support of warming up?
Ans. Warming up does produce physiological changes in the looking of a muscle and that warming up serves as a basis or foundation for the efficient warming of muscle.

Warming up possibly helps in the following ways to increase muscular efficiency:

  • There is a local rise in temperature and accumulation of metabolic products. It helps in the efficiency of contraction and relaxation of muscles.
  • Warming up brings the muscles in a state of readiness to respond to stimuli efficiently
  • The development of the neuron muscular coordination between the group of muscles required to be involved in activity also demands some initial warming up.

Q.3 Write down the guiding principles of warming up in brief.
Ans. In the worming up there are certain guiding principles of worming-up as in the following way:-

  • Simple to complex
  • Exercise fo all parts of the body.
  • Stretching and lousing exercise should be included.
  • Intensive enough to increase body temperature.
  • Warming-up should be according to the activity or sports
  • Concerned Movement of games should be included.
  • Warming-up should be done at the exact time.
  • Warming-up should be according to Age and sex.

Q.4 Explain the principles of sports training.
Ans. To perform physical activities and sports and if we want to remain healthy and fit for a longer duration, there are certain principles we have to follow. They are as under:-

a) The principles of use:- The Principle of use indicates that if we use any part of the body then that part will remain healthy for a longer duration. It is essential to perform one or the other physical activity. Regular exercise also improves muscular strength, willpower, and increased metabolic changes that are responsible for increased efficiency of the total body, improving the system due to regular input and output of healthy impulses.

b) Principle of Disuse:- Principle of disuse means the absence of activity or of stopping physical activity. It may be due to any fracture, illness old age, or any personal reason. If we stop using our body, our growth, and development of muscles, brain, system, etc. will also either stop or the
growth will be very slow.

c) Principle of overload:- Principle of overload means using the body beyond its capacity. It is necessary for an athlete to use his body maximum to get a better result but on the other hand over use of the body is also very harmful to the body. 

Q.5 Explain in detail the classification of skills.
Ans. There are a number of sports activities and each activity requires a set of skills. Owing to many characteristics of skill, it is different to clarify them generally there are the following skills:

  • Open skill: The Skill which is not under control and is unpredictable are classifieds as open skills.
  • Closed skill: Closed skills take place in a stable, predictable environment
  • Simple skill: The skill which does not require a large amount of coordination, timings, and decision. These skills are straightforward, easy to learn, and not difficult to perform, e.g. chest pass, under arm service.
  • Complex Skill: The skills which require a large amount of coordination, timing, and quick thought process is called complex skills e.g. overhead kick in football.
  • Continued skills: These skills have no obvious beginning of one cycle of movement and beginning of the next. e.g. cycling is an example of continuous skills.
  • Fine skills:- These skills include complex precise movements using small muscle groups e.g. snooker shot.
  • Individual skills: Individual skills are these skills that are performed in isolation, e.g. high jump and long jump.

Long Question 5 Marks

Q.1 Write down the method of warming up in detail
Ans. The following are the methods of warming up which are generally used:-

1. General Method

  • Jogging:- Every athlete should perform jogging or slow running for 5 to 10 minutes to increase the body temperature.
  • Simple exercise:- This is also a way of warming up. The exercise should be performed from simple to complex.
  • striding:- It means running the distance with long strides. The distance of running should not be more than 50 meters.
  • Stretching exercise:- Stretching is one of the most critical parts is stronger and healthier.

2. Warm-up with water: Warm-up with leaks warm water gives relaxation to the muscles, which is usually followed in developed countries. Before a competition, a hot bath helps to raise the body temperature and thus activates muscles by increasing blood circulation in muscles.

3. Warm-up Through Massage:- The massage of muscles helps the muscles to tone up and is, therefore considered a means of warming up.

4. Through Sun Bath:- The body method can be warmed up through sun bath to some extent, but in most sports, this method of warming up is not usually applied.

5. Through stream both:- The body can be warmed up through a steam bath. Energy can be saved through stream bath but this method of warming-up is also not used frequently.

Q.2 Explain the different ways of recovering in sports. Why recovery is important?
Ans. In order to get fitter or improve in sports, the body needs to be exposed to stress, the body then needs time to adapt to the stresses and for this, there must be a period of recovery.

New to Exercise
If you’re just starting out in exercise, it’s important that you build in slowly to allow your body to adapt to the demands of the sport. If you just keep going without any rest, your body will soon start to fatigue and you’ll find it difficult to complete any exercise sessions.

Recover Strategies:-
It’s all very well being encouraged to exercise, if you’ve started a new sport or even increased the amount of training you’re doing then you need to consider some recovery strategies to help your body to adjust.

Rest: It is one of the most important forms of rest and provides time for the body to adapt to the physical and mental demands of training. Make sure of getting enough sleep to ensure your sleep is good quality, quiet, and peaceful.
Passive resting such as reading and listening to music are greater ways for the body to relax both physically and mentally.

Nutrition and hydration
Ensuring that the body is fully nourished and hydrated is very much necessary for a good recovery. It is most important to replace fluids after exercise and to replenish energy stores by eating the right food at the right time.

Cool down and stretch
A cooldown is a group of exercises performed immediately after training to provide an adjustment between exercise and rest. Its purpose is to increase muscle soreness and bring the cardio vascular system backrest.

Q.3 Explain the process of stimulus, Recovery, and Adaptation.
Ans. Our body is made up of millions of very small living cells each type of cell or group of cells performs a different job. All the cells have the ability to adapt to what is happening to the body. There is also an adaptation to the training for games and sports because it helps to increase the sports performance for improving the sports performance the training load has to be increased.
A stagnation training load means stagnation in performance. The response by the body is an adaptation to the stimulus of the training load. The process of recovery and adaptation returns to the sports person not just to his previous fitness level but to an improved level.

Q.4 What do you mean by technique and skill? Describe?
Ans. The technique is defined as the motor procedure for tackling a motor task. The motor procedure should be understood as a system of movement of body parts in a definite sequence thus we can say that techniques are the basic movements is always goal oriented. Therefore different techniques are required in different sports, e.g. in the shot put the motor task is to put the shot as farad possible. There fore in sports, the sportsman has to learn a number of techniques with possible variations.

Skill:- A motor skill is acquired through a long process of motor learning. Technical skills in sports, therefore, represent automatization of motor produce a sports man tries to learn a technique and through continuous and systematic process -15 liable to acquire the skill. In other words, we can say that skill is the capacity of the sportsman to realize technique in actual motor action.

Q.5 What is the role of free play in the development of motor components?

  • Free play helps the child to explore the surroundings.
  • Various activities of the child-like running, jogging, climbing jumping, and fine motor movement help the child develop his speed, strength, stamina flexibility, and coordinative abilities.
  • Free play allows the child to use his creativity while developing his imagination, dexterity, and physical, cognitive, and emotional strength.
  • Play is important for healthy brain development.
  • All children have the right to play. Play is a process by which the children have a significant impact on child development.

Value-Based Question

Monu is a 19-year-old boy who has a fascination for playing cricket right from childhood. Whenever he watches Sachin Tendulkar on the television or reads about him. He gets so much motivated by his ideal and in spite of all odds in Monu’s life he does regularly training. Now he is one of the best players on the Ranji team from his state.

a) From where has Monu been motivated for playing cricket?
Ans. Monu has been strongly motivated by Sachin Tendulkar for playing cricket.

b) What values have been inculcated in Monu?
Ans. Monu has inculcated in him strong willpower, high aspiration, and a dedicated person.

c) What lesson can you gather after reading about him?
Ans. The lesson which we gather after reading about Monu is that to achieve any goal in life. You have to be dedicated, set your target in life, self-confidence, and have strong perseverance.

We hope that Class 11 Physical Education Chapter 11 (Training In Sports) Important Questions in English helped you. If you have any queries about class 11 Physical Education Chapter 11 (Training In Sports) Important Questions in English or about any other notes of class 11 Physical Education in English, so you can comment below. We will reach you as soon as possible…

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