Political Parties (CH-6) Important Questions in English || Class 10 Social Science (Political Science) Chapter 6 in English ||

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Chapter – 6

Political Parties

In this post, we have given the Important Questions of Class 10 Social Science Chapter 6 (Political Parties) in English. These Important Questions are useful for the students who are going to appear in Class 10 exams.

BoardCBSE Board, UP Board, JAC Board, Bihar Board, HBSE Board, UBSE Board, PSEB Board, RBSE Board
ClassClass 10
SubjectSocial Science
Chapter no.Chapter 6
Chapter Name(Political Parties)
CategoryClass 10 Social Science Important Questions in English
Class 10 Social Science Chapter 6 Political Parties Important Questions in English

1 Marks Questions:-

Q. 1 Give an example of a country having one-party systems.

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Ans. China

Q. 2 Name the political parties which are result of social reform movements.


Q. 3 Name the political party which is inspired from the ideas and teachings of Mahatma Phule and Sahu Maharaj.

Ans. Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)

Q. 4 Which is the oldest recognised political party of India

Ans. Indian national congress

Q.5 What are the symbols of BJP and BSP?

Ans. BJP-Lotus, BSP -An elephant

Q. 6 Why did India adopt multi-party system ?

Ans. Because of its social and geographical diversity.

Q. 7 What is mean by transparency ?

Ans. The process of collective decision making which is open in public domain,


Governments obligation to share information with citizens.

Q.8 Which party system is seen in the USA and the U.K. ?

Ans. Two Party System

Q. 9 The neighbouring country of India where only one party is allowed to rule ?

Ans. China

Q. 10 Who is the founder of the Bahujan Samaj Party ?

Ans. Kanshi Ram

Q. 11 How many political parties are there in india ?

Ans. More than 750

Q. 12 How many national parties are there in India ?

Ans. Six

Q. 13 Who allots election symbol to the political parties ?

Ans. Election Commission


3/5 Marks Questions

Q. 1 State the various functions political parties perform in a democracy.

Ans. The various functions of political parties are :

  • Contest Elections
  • Policies and programmes – Put forward different policies and programmes among which the voters opt.
  • Form and run the Government
  • Law Making
  • Role of the opposition
  • Form the public opinion
  • Access to Government Machinery and welfare schemes.

Q. 2 What are the various challenges faced by political parties ?

Ans. Following are the various challenges faced by political parties :-

  • Lack of Internal Democracy
  • Dynastic succession
  • Money and Muscle Power
  • Meaningful choice of the voters
  • Membership of the party is not fairly registered
  • Parties do not hold organisational meetings.

Q. 3 Suggest some reforms to strengthen parties so that they perform their functions Well ?

Ans. Suggestions to strengthen parties :-

  • There should be some laws to regulate the internal affairs of parties.
  • There should be state funding of elections
  • It should be made mandatory for all political parties to reserve minimum seats for women.
  • The people should put pressure on political parties through petitions, publicity and agitations.

Q. 4 What do you mean by regional party ? Give two examples.

Ans. Party that secures at least six percent of the total votes in an election to the Legislative Assembly of a state and wins at least two seats is recognised as a regional party.

AAP-Delhi, SP (Samajwadi Party) – U.P., Rashtriya Janta Dal (RJD) – Bihar etc.

Q. 5 State any two advantages of the multi party system. In what ways is an alliance different from a coalition Government ?

Ans. Advantages of multi party system ;

  • This system allows a variety of interests and opinions to enjoy political representation.
  • In this system, two or more parties have a reasonable chance of coming to power.
  • It provides various options before the voters.
  • Big states as well as small states get an opportunity of representation in national politics. When several parties in a multi-party system join hands for the purpose of contesting elections and arising power it is called an alliance or front. In a coalition government, various parties come together to form the government, especially when no single party gets clear majority to form the government.

Q. 6 “The rise of regional parties has led to strengthening of federation and democracy in our country.” Do you agree with the option ? Why/Why not ?

Ans. Over the last few decades, the number and strength of regional parties has expanded. This made the parliament of Indian politically more and more diverse, since no one national party is able to secure majority on
ts own in the Lok Sabha. The national parties are compelled to form alliance with state parties. This has contributed to the strengthening of federalism and democracy in our country.

Q.7 What is opposition party ? Mention the functions of the opposition party.

Ans. The parties, which do not get majority in the Lok Sabha or Legislative. Assemblies are called opposition party.

Functions of the opposition party :-

  • To criticize the government.
  • To question the government.
  • To blame the ruling party for their wrong doings.
  • To support the government for their constructive works.

Q. 8 What is the difference between national and regional party?

Ans. The major differences between national party and regional party are as under:

  • National party has influence all over the country or in several states of India. The influence of a regional party is limited to a state or region,
  • National parties take interest in national as well as international issues where-as regional or state parties are interested in promoting regional/ state interests only.
  • The national parties have to harmonise the national as well as state interest where-as regional parties usually stand for greater autonomy of the states.
  • For a national party, an exclusive symbol is kept reserved through out the country, In case of a regional party a symbol is reserved for it in the state in which it is recognized.
  • National parties have board base but regional parties have smaller base

Q.9 Write a brief note on Bhartiya Janata Party and Indian National Congress.

Ans. The Bhartiya Janata Party was started in 1980 from the erstwhile Bhartiya Jana Sangh. Its support base grew rapidly in the 1990s. Earlier, it was limited to the north and western parts of the country, but now it has a pan – Indian base. The BJP has governments in 19 states. Ideologically the party is rightist. It wants to build a strong, modern
India by drawing inspiration from ancient culture and values. It wants full territorial and political integration of Jammu and Kashmir with India, a uniform civil code for all people living in the country irrespective of religion, and ban on religions conversions. It is also supporter of economic liberalizations. The Indian National Congress was founded in 1885. It was the dominant party of Indian Politics at the national level and to a large extent at the state level for a long time. Since 1989 its influence has declined, but it still maintains a presence across the entire country. The party has seen many splits over the years, Ideologically, the party is centrist. It support secularism and economic liberalization, Welfare of the weaker section of the society.

Q. 10 Why don’t parties give enough tickets to women ? Is that also due to the lack of internal democracy ?

Ans. Most of the Indian societies have patriarchal mentality. Men do not want to loose power if the parties give tickets to women, steadily the power will go into woman’s hands. The patriarchal Indian Society is not ready to accept it. That is why women reservation bill is pending for a long time. Yes, this is an example of lack of internal democracy and not proper faith in capabilities of women.

Q. 11 “Nearly everyone of the state parties wants to get an opportunity to be part of one or the other national level coalition”. Support the statement with arguments.

Ans. Nearly every one of the state parties wants to get an opportunity to be part of one or the other national level coalition because:-

  • The members of the state party get a chance of being included in the cabinet or the council of ministers.
  • State parties get an opportunity and a platform to express their views and ideology at the national level.
  • It helps in strengthening of federalism and democracy, and thus bringing diversity in the parliament.
  • In this way the state parties can fodder the interests of the state.

Q. 12 Analyse the three components of a political party.

Ans. The following are the three elements or components of a political party:

  • The leaders: The leaders contest election and, if they win, perform the administrative jobs.
  • The active members : The active members attend party meetings and are close to the party leaders. They can be called the assistance of the leaders.
  • The followers : The followers are the dedicated workers of the party. They work under the able guidance of the active members.

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